C1055

Sigma-Aldrich

Cromakalim

Synonym(s):
(±)-trans-6-Cyano-3,4-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-4-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl)-2H-1-benzopyran-3-ol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C16H18N2O3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
286.33
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC1(C)Oc2ccc(cc2[C@H]([C@@H]1O)N3CCCC3=O)C#N

InChI

1S/C16H18N2O3/c1-16(2)15(20)14(18-7-3-4-13(18)19)11-8-10(9-17)5-6-12(11)21-16/h5-6,8,14-15,20H,3-4,7H2,1-2H3/t14-,15+/m1/s1

InChI key

TVZCRIROJQEVOT-CABCVRRESA-N

Application

Cromakalim has been used:
  • as a potassium channel agonist to study its response to an acute increase in downstream pressure in rat lymphatic vessels.
  • as a potassium channel opener to study its effects on the release of transmitters from adrenergic nerves in rat vas deferens.
  • as a potassium channel activator to study its effects on the release of transmitters from purinergic and cholinergic nerves in the rat detrusor muscle.

Packaging

10, 50 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cromakalim is an activator of the potassium channel. It is involved in the relaxation of the vascular smooth muscles. Cromakalim exhibits anti-hypertensive activity.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Potassium Channels page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

storage_class_code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. How does the storage temperature relate to shipping conditions?

    The storage conditions that a Sigma-Aldrich catalog and label recommend for products are deliberately conservative. For many products, long-term storage at low temperatures will increase the time during which they are expected to remain in specification and therefore are labeled accordingly. Where short-term storage, shipping time frame, or exposure to conditions other than those recommended for long-term storage will not affect product quality, Sigma-Aldrich will ship at ambient temperature. The products sensitive to short-term exposure to conditions other than their recommended long-term storage are shipped on wet or dry ice. Ambient temperature shipping helps to control shipping costs for our customers. At any time, our customers can request wet- or dry-ice shipment, but the special handling is at customer expense if our product history indicates that the product is stable for regular shipment. See Shipping and Storage for more information.

  2. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  3. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  4. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  5. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  6. Can I dissolve Product C1055, Cromakalim, in something else besides chloroform? 

    Yes. One publication reports that Product C1055, Cromakalim, can be dissolved in DMSO at 20 mM.  Post, J.M., et al., Effect of cromakalim and lemakalim on slow waves and membrane currents in colonic smooth muscle.  Am. J. Physiol. Cell. Physiol.,  260(2), C375-C382 (1991).

  7. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Aravind R Gade et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 83(1), 294-306 (2012-11-02)
The ATP-sensitive potassium channel (K(ATP)) in mouse colonic smooth muscle cell is a complex containing a pore-forming subunit (Kir6.1) and a sulfonylurea receptor subunit (SUR2B). These channels contribute to the cellular excitability of smooth muscle cells and hence regulate the...
Constriction of isolated collecting lymphatic vessels in response to acute increases in downstream pressure
Scallan J P, et al.
The Journal of Physiology, 591(2), 443-459 (2013)
Hiroyuki Kinoshita et al.
Anesthesia and analgesia, 115(1), 54-61 (2012-04-03)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive K(+) channels contribute to significant regulatory mechanisms related to organ blood flow in both physiological and pathological conditions. High glucose impairs arterial ATP-sensitive K(+) channel activity via superoxide production. However, the effects of anesthetics on this pathological...
M C Sanguinetti et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 85(21), 8360-8364 (1988-11-01)
The mechanism by which the antihypertensive agent BRL 34915 (cromakalim) affects action potential duration (APD) and effective refractory period (ERP) in isolated cardiac muscle was investigated. BRL 34915 (greater than or equal to 3 microM) shortened ERP of ferret (Mustela...
I Cavero et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 248(3), 1261-1268 (1989-03-01)
Cromakalim (BRL 34915), a K+ channel activator, and diltiazem relaxed isolated rat aortic rings contracted with a low KCl concentration (25 mM). Gilbenclamide (0.1-3 microM) did not modify base-line resting tension or responses to KCl but prevented the vasorelaxant effects...

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