M6413

Sigma-Aldrich

L-(−)-Malic acid

BioXtra, ≥95%

Synonym(s):
L-Hydroxybutanedioic acid, (S)-(−)-2-Hydroxysuccinic acid
Linear Formula:
HO2CCH2CH(OH)CO2H
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
134.09
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1723541
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

product line

BioXtra

assay

≥95%

form

powder

impurities

≤0.01% Phosphorus (P)
≤0.1% Insoluble matter

ash

<0.1%

mp

101-103 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 0.5 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.05%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.05%

cation traces

Al: ≤0.0005%
Ca: ≤0.0005%
Cu: ≤0.0005%
Fe: ≤0.0005%
K: ≤0.005%
Mg: ≤0.0005%
NH4+: ≤0.05%
Na: ≤0.005%
Pb: ≤0.001%
Zn: ≤0.0005%

SMILES string

O[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C4H6O5/c5-2(4(8)9)1-3(6)7/h2,5H,1H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9)/t2-/m0/s1

InChI key

BJEPYKJPYRNKOW-REOHCLBHSA-N

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Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

hazcat

Eye Irrit. 2

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Margrethe A Olesen et al.
Redox biology, 34, 101558-101558 (2020-05-25)
Aging is a process characterized by cognitive impairment and mitochondrial dysfunction. In neurons, these organelles are classified as synaptic and non-synaptic mitochondria depending on their localization. Interestingly, synaptic mitochondria from the cerebral cortex accumulate more damage and are more sensitive...
T J Fang et al.
Zhonghua Minguo wei sheng wu ji mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of microbiology and immunology, 26(3), 116-131 (1993-08-01)
This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between pH and the toxicity of sulfur dioxide against homo- and hetero-lactic acid bacteria isolated from American acidic wines. Malolactic fermentation was found to be growth-associated in homo- and hetero-lactic strains. The...
M Denayrolles et al.
FEMS microbiology letters, 116(1), 79-86 (1994-02-01)
Malolactic enzyme is the key enzyme in the degradation of L-malic acid by lactic acid bacteria. Using degenerated primers designed from the first 20 N-terminal amino acid sequence of lactococcal malolactic enzyme, a 60-bp DNA fragment containing part of the...
Nikhil Madhusudhan et al.
ACS chemical biology, 15(1), 158-170 (2019-12-25)
Selective toxicity among cancer cells of the same lineage is a hallmark of targeted therapies. As such, identifying compounds that impair proliferation of a subset of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines represents one strategy to discover new drugs for...
D F Splittstoesser et al.
Journal of food protection, 59(3), 226-229 (1996-03-01)
The objective was to determine the effect of cider composition on the heat resistance of Escherichia coli O157:H7. The average D52 value in a model Empire apple juice was 18 min with a z value of 4.8 degrees C. Increasing...

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