P0115

Sigma-Aldrich

PAC-1

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
1-Piperazineacetic acid, 2-(phenylmethyl)-,[[2-hydroxy-3-(2-propenyl)phenyl]methylene]hyrrazide, (4-Benzylpiperazino)acetic acid (3-allyl-2-hyroxybenzylidene)hydrazide
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C23H28N4O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
392.49
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

solid

color

white

solubility

DMSO: ≥10 mg/mL
deionized water: ≤2 mg/mL

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

Oc1c(CC=C)cccc1\C=N\NC(=O)CN2CCN(CC2)Cc3ccccc3

InChI

1S/C23H28N4O2/c1-2-7-20-10-6-11-21(23(20)29)16-24-25-22(28)18-27-14-12-26(13-15-27)17-19-8-4-3-5-9-19/h2-6,8-11,16,29H,1,7,12-15,17-18H2,(H,25,28)/b24-16+

InChI key

YQNRVGJCPCNMKT-LFVJCYFKSA-N

General description

Procaspase-activating compound 1 (PAC-1) is an ortho-hydroxy N-acyl hydrazine compound. It is cytotoxic to a variety of cancer cells, such as lymphoma, leukaemia, breast carcinoma and glioblastoma. High doses of PAC-1 can promote neuroexcitation. It helps in the in vitro autoactivation of the proenzyme protease, which acts as a prototype for other protease activating compounds. PAC-1 dependant activation of procaspase-3 is associated with the chelation of zinc.

Packaging

5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

PAC-1 is a caspase 3 activator. Caspase activation is a key strategy in cancer therapy. Caspase 3 is a key executioner caspase and direct effector of apoptosis. Hallmark of many cancers is the circumvention of signal in the activation of executioner caspases and loss of apoptotic response. EC50 for caspase 3 activation = 0.33 μM and caspase 7= 4.5 μM. The IC50 for apoptosis induction = 0.92 μM. Elevated caspase 3 level in cancerous cell lines and tissues allows PAC-1 to selectively induce apoptosis in tissues.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN 3077 9 / PGIII

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Procaspase-3 activation as an anti-cancer strategy: structure- activity relationship of procaspase-activating compound 1 (PAC-1) and Its cellular co-localization with caspase-3
Peterson QP et al.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 52(18), 5721-5731 (2009)
Ai-Ming Zhou et al.
BMC cardiovascular disorders, 20(1), 15-15 (2020-01-15)
Platelets in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) are characterized by increased activation and aggregation, which tends to be associated with a high morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Moreover, a large proportion of DM2 patients show...
Targeting of C-type lectin-like receptor 2 or P2Y12 for the prevention of platelet activation by immunotherapeutic CpG oligodeoxynucleotides: comment.
U Flierl et al.
Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH, 16(1), 181-185 (2017-10-21)
Michal Bijak et al.
International journal of biological macromolecules, 106, 878-884 (2017-08-27)
The primary biological function of platelets is to form hemostatic thrombi that prevent blood loss and maintain vascular integrity. These multi-responding cells are activated by different endogenous, physiological agonists due to the vast number of receptors present on the surface...
Philipp Blüm et al.
Cellular & molecular immunology, 14(12), 986-996 (2016-04-19)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major problem worldwide. HCV is not limited to liver disease but is frequently complicated by immune-mediated extrahepatic manifestations such as glomerulonephritis or vasculitis. A fatal complication of HCV-associated vascular disease is thrombosis. Polyriboinosinic:polyribocytidylic...

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