Phthalic acid


1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid
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210-211 °C (dec.) (lit.)

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Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

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NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


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Paula J Lapinskas et al.
Toxicology, 207(1), 149-163 (2004-12-14)
Phthalate esters belong to a large class of compounds known as peroxisome proliferators (PP). PP include chemicals that activate different subtypes of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) family. The ability of phthalate esters and their metabolites to activate responses through...
Russ Hauser
Seminars in reproductive medicine, 24(3), 156-167 (2006-06-29)
Scientific and public concern about the potential risk of environmental chemicals to male reproductive health has been heightened by reports of downward trends in semen quality, as well as increased rates of developmental urogenital tract anomalies and testicular cancer. Of...
Christopher H Hurst et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 74(2), 297-308 (2003-06-14)
Phthalate esters are widely used as plasticizers in the manufacture of products made of polyvinyl chloride. Mono-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (MEHP) induces rodent hepatocarcinogenesis by a mechanism that involves activation of the nuclear transcription factor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha). MEHP also activates PPAR-gamma...
H Fromme et al.
Environment international, 61, 64-72 (2013-10-10)
Phthalates have been used for decades in large quantities, leading to the ubiquitous exposure of the population. In an investigation of 63 German daycare centers, indoor air and dust samples were analyzed for the presence of 10 phthalate diesters. Moreover...
Hanne Frederiksen et al.
Environmental science & technology, 47(2), 958-967 (2012-12-14)
Urinary phthalate excretion is used as marker of phthalate exposure in epidemiological studies. Here we examine the reliability of urinary phthalate levels in exposure classification by comparing the inter- and intrasubject variation of urinary phthalate metabolite levels. Thirty-three young healthy...

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