S1141

Sigma-Aldrich

Spermine tetrahydrochloride

BioReagent, for molecular biology

Synonym(s):
N,N′-Bis(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-butanediamine tetrahydrochloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C10H26N4 · 4HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
348.18
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
3911771
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.52
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

product line

BioReagent

form

solid

mp

310-311 °C (dec.) (lit.)

solubility

H2O: soluble 100 mg/mL, clear, colorless to light yellow

foreign activity

DNase, RNase, protease, NICKase, none detected

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

Cl.Cl.Cl.Cl.NCCCNCCCCNCCCN

InChI

1S/C10H26N4.4ClH/c11-5-3-9-13-7-1-2-8-14-10-4-6-12;;;;/h13-14H,1-12H2;4*1H

InChI key

XLDKUDAXZWHPFH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Spermine is a polyamine involved in cellular metabolism and DNA stabilization. In molecular biology it can be used in buffers for purification of DNA.

Application

Used to precipitate DNA from low salt aqueous buffers.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mixed NMDA agonist/antagonist at the polyamine site. Neuroprotective effects have been observed at high concentrations (1 mM), while neurotoxicity is observed at lower concentrations. It enhances agonist effectiveness at the strychnine-insensitive glycine site. Plays a role in cellular proliferation and differentiation; inhibits neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS).
Mixed NMDA agonist/antagonist at the polyamine site. Plays a role in cellular proliferation and differentiation; inhibits neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS).

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Davis, L., et al.
Basic Methods in Molecular Biology, 120-120 (1986)
Aracely A Lutes et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108(24), 9910-9915 (2011-05-06)
Speciation in animals commonly involves an extrinsic barrier to genetic exchange followed by the accumulation of sufficient genetic variation to impede subsequent productive interbreeding. All-female species of whiptail lizards, which originated by interspecific hybridization between sexual progenitors, are an exception...
D C Allison et al.
Annals of surgery, 214(6), 648-656 (1991-12-01)
The DNA content of 47 adenocarcinomas arising in the head of the pancreas from patients who had undergone successful pancreatoduodenectomy was measured. The DNA measurements of each tumor were made without knowledge of the clinical course by absorption cytometry performed...
L L Vindeløv et al.
Cancer research, 40(11), 4295-4300 (1980-11-01)
Flow-cytometric DNA analysis yields information on ploidy and proliferative characteristics of a cell population. The analysis was implemented on small-cell anaplastic carcinoma of the lung using a rapid detergent technique for the preparation of fine-needle aspirates for DNA determination and...
D M Hougaard et al.
The Biochemical journal, 238(1), 43-47 (1986-08-15)
Two recently developed fluorescence cytochemical methods, specific for spermidine and spermine, were used to localize polyamines in the endocrine pancreas. The polyamines were restricted to the insulin-producing beta-cells and were mainly associated with the secretory granules. Chemical polyamine determinations carried...
Protocols
This product is suitable for DNA precipitation from low salt aqueous buffers. It has been tested for the absence of proteases and nucleases.
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