N J Laping et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 62(1), 58-64 (2002-06-18)
Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a potent fibrotic factor responsible for the synthesis of extracellular matrix. TGF-beta1 acts through the TGF-beta type I and type II receptors to activate intracellular mediators, such as Smad proteins, the p38 mitogen-activated protein...
A Smad3 and TTF-1/NKX2-1 complex regulates Smad4-independent gene expression.
Isogaya K, Koinuma D, Tsutsumi S, et al.
Cell Research, 24(8), 994-1008 (2014)
Ernst J A Steller et al.
Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.), 15(2), 204-217 (2013-02-27)
In epithelial tumors, the platelet-derived growth factor receptor B (PDGFRB) is mainly expressed by stromal cells of mesenchymal origin. Tumor cells may also acquire PDGFRB expression following epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which occurs during metastasis formation. Little is known about PDGFRB...
Paola Bendinelli et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 20(10) (2019-05-28)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) are biological stimuli of the micro-environment which affect bone metastasis phenotype through transcription factors, but their influence on the growth is scarcely known. In a xenograft model prepared with 1833...
Mark D Hjelmeland et al.
Molecular cancer therapeutics, 3(6), 737-745 (2004-06-24)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a multifunctional cytokine that promotes malignant glioma invasion, angiogenesis, and immunosuppression. Antisense oligonucleotide suppression of TGF-beta(2) ligand expression has shown promise in preclinical and clinical studies but at least two ligands mediate the effects of...