A1312

Sigma-Aldrich

Alternariol from Alternaria sp.

~96%

Synonym(s):
3,7,9-Trihydroxy-1-methyl-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-6-one
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C14H10O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
258.23
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

assay

~96%

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

Cc1cc(O)cc2OC(=O)c3c(O)cc(O)cc3-c12

InChI

1S/C14H10O5/c1-6-2-7(15)5-11-12(6)9-3-8(16)4-10(17)13(9)14(18)19-11/h2-5,15-17H,1H3

InChI key

CEBXXEKPIIDJHL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

General description

Alternariol belongs to the dibenzo-pyrones chemical group. It is a mycotoxin present in indoor air, soil and plants.

Application

Alternariol from Alternaria sp. may be used as a calibration standard in reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and UV-spectrum analysis. It may also be used to spike wholemeal wheat flour for wet baking studies

Packaging

5 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Alternaria mycotoxins are generally associated with undried food grains post-harvest. The disease caused by Alternaria mycotoxin results in a discolored halo in fruits and spotting in leaves. Alternariol (AOH) is cytotoxic and fetotoxic to microbes and mammalian cells. AOH displays inhibitory effect on cell proliferation and has estrogenic functionality.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Hazard Codes

T+

Risk Statement

26/27/28

Safety Statement

28-36/37/39-45

RIDADR

UN 3462 6.1 / PGI

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Alternaria mycotoxins in food and feed: an overview
EscrivaL, et al.
Journal of Food Quality, 2017 (2017)
David Siegel et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 58(17), 9622-9630 (2010-08-07)
The stability of the Alternaria mycotoxins alternariol, alternariol monomethyl ether, and altenuene upon bread baking was investigated by model experiments using a spiked wholemeal wheat flour matrix. For alternariol and alternariol monomethyl ether, but not for altenuene, degradation products, formed...
A Solhaug et al.
Toxicology letters, 219(1), 8-17 (2013-03-05)
The mycotoxin alternariol (AOH), a frequent contaminant in fruit and cereal products, is known to induce DNA damage with subsequent cell cycle arrest. Here we elucidated the effects of AOH on stages of cell cycle progression using the RAW 264.7...
Stefanie C Fleck et al.
Toxicology letters, 214(1), 27-32 (2012-08-21)
Altertoxin II (ATX II) is one of the several mycotoxins produced by Alternaria fungi. It has a perylene quinone structure and is highly mutagenic in Ames Salmonella typhimurium, but its mutagenicity in mammalian cells has not been studied before. Here...
A Solhaug et al.
Mutation research, 738-739, 1-11 (2012-10-04)
Alternariol (AOH), a mycotoxin produced by Alternaria sp, is often found as a contaminant in fruit and cereal products. Here we employed the murine macrophage cell line RAW 264.7 to test the hypothesis that AOH causes toxicity as a response...

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