A4679

Sigma-Aldrich

Agarose

Low EEO, for Immunoelectrophoresis

CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

algae (Gelidium)

Quality Level

form

powder

application(s)

electrophoresis: suitable
immunodiffusion: suitable
immunoelectrophoresis: suitable

impurities

≤7% water

EEO

0.09-0.13

mp

88 °C±2 °C (1.5% gel)

transition temp

gel point 34-38 °C (1.5% gel)

gel strength

≥1200 g/cm2 (1% gel)

anion traces

sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.20%

InChI

1S/C24H38O19/c25-1-5-9(27)11(29)12(30)22(38-5)41-17-8-4-36-20(17)15(33)24(40-8)43-18-10(28)6(2-26)39-23(14(18)32)42-16-7-3-35-19(16)13(31)21(34)37-7/h5-34H,1-4H2/t5-,6-,7+,8+,9+,10+,11+,12-,13+,14-,15+,16-,17-,18+,19+,20+,21-,22+,23+,24+/m1/s1

InChI key

MJQHZNBUODTQTK-WKGBVCLCSA-N

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General description

Agarose contains β-D-galactose and 3,6-anhydro-α-L-galactose, linked by glycosidic bonds β(1-4).

Packaging

50, 100, 500 g in poly bottle

Application

Agarose is the most popular medium for immunoelectrophoresis because of the large pore size for rapid diffusion and for low background staining by Coomassie Blue G stain. The low EEO and high gel strength is specifically selected and tested for immunoelectrophoresis and immunodiffusion.

Preparation Note

Gel Preparation:
1. Prepare a 1% agarose solution (sufficient for 10 gels 85 mm x 100 mm, 1-1.5 mm thick) by mixing 1.5 g agarose (Catalog No. A4679) in 150 mL of prepared barbital buffer and heat in a boiling water bath until completely dissolved.
2. To prepare one gel, pour 14 mL of agarose solution onto the hydrophilic side of a level, well supported 85 mm x 100 mm sheet of Electrophoresis Film for Agarose Gels (Catalog No. E0264). Pour from the center of the sheet toward its edges forming an even layer of agarose 1-1.5 mm thick.
3. Allow the gels to harden for one hour at 4 °C before using or store at 0-5 °C in an appropriate, plastic wrapped container.

Analysis Note

The following is a list of properties associated with our agaroses:
Sulfate content - used as an indicator of purity, since sulfate is the major ionic group present.
Gel strength - the force that must be applied to a gel to cause it to fracture.
Gel point - the temperature at which an aqueous agarose solution forms a gel as it cools. Agarose solutions exhibit hysteresis in the liquid-to-gel transition - that is, their gel point is not the same as their melting temperature.
Electroendosmosis (EEO) - a movement of liquid through the gel. Anionic groups in an agarose gel are affixed to the matrix and cannot move, but dissociable counter cations can migrate toward the cathode in the matrix, giving rise to EEO. Since electrophoretic movement of biopolymers is usually toward the anode, EEO can disrupt separations because of internal convection.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Agarose and its derivatives as supports for enzyme immobilization
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The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(39), 28078-28088 (2013-08-08)
The bacteria that metabolize agarose use multiple enzymes of complementary specificities to hydrolyze the glycosidic linkages in agarose, a linear polymer comprising the repeating disaccharide subunit of neoagarobiose (3,6-anhydro-l-galactose-α-(1,3)-d-galactose) that are β-(1,4)-linked. Here we present the crystal structure of a...
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