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A8851

Sigma-Aldrich

Apicidin

≥98% (HPLC), from microbial

Synonym(s):
Cyclo[(2S)-2-amino-8-oxodecanoyl-1-methoxy-L-tryptophyl-L-isoleucyl-(2R)-2-piperidinexcarbonyl]
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C34H49N5O6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
623.78
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

microbial

sterility

non-sterile

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

solid

solubility

DMSO: ~1 mg/mL

antibiotic activity spectrum

parasites

Mode of action

enzyme | inhibits

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

[H][C@]12CCCCN1C(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](Cc3cn(OC)c4ccccc34)NC(=O)[C@H](CCCCCC(=O)CC)NC2=O)C(C)CC

InChI

1S/C34H49N5O6/c1-5-22(3)30-34(44)38-19-13-12-18-29(38)33(43)35-26(16-9-7-8-14-24(40)6-2)31(41)36-27(32(42)37-30)20-23-21-39(45-4)28-17-11-10-15-25(23)28/h10-11,15,17,21-22,26-27,29-30H,5-9,12-14,16,18-20H2,1-4H3,(H,35,43)(H,36,41)(H,37,42)/t22?,26-,27-,29+,30?/m0/s1

InChI key

JWOGUUIOCYMBPV-PYAAAQPJSA-N

Related Categories

General description

Apicidin is a cyclic tetrapeptide fungal metabolite.

Application

Apicidin has been used as a histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) inhibitor to study its effects on 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) mRNA expression in cell lines of Mono Mac6. It has also been used to study the effects of toll-like receptor 8 (TLR-8) stimulation and histone modification on the expression of an activator protein 1 [AP-1] family member(Fra-2) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1) in monocytes.

Packaging

1, 5 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Apicidin is a potent inhibitor of histone deacetylase (HDAC). It particularlyinhibits histone deacetylase 1 and 3 (HDAC1 and HDAC3). Apicidin exhibits anti-protozoal activity against apicomplexan metabolite produced by parasites. It also possesses anti-proliferative activity against several cancer cell lines. Apicidin shows anti-cancer activity against human acute promyelocytic leukemia cell.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Gene Regulation research. Click here to discover more featured Gene Regulation products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

Storage Class Code

6.1B - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Articles

Carcinogenesis and Epigenetics

Cancer research has revealed that the classical model of carcinogenesis, a three step process consisting of initiation, promotion, and progression, is not complete.

Histone Modification and Chromatin Remodeling | Epigenetics

Epigenetic modifications are thought to occur through two key interconnected processes—DNA methylation and the covalent modification of histones.

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