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B2754

Sigma-Aldrich

Betaine monohydrate

≥99%

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Linear Formula:
(CH3)3N+CH2COO- · H2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
135.16
Beilstein:
3626258
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.83

biological source

synthetic

Quality Level

Assay

≥99%

form

powder or crystals

solubility

water: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

O.C[N+](C)(C)CC([O-])=O

InChI

1S/C5H11NO2.H2O/c1-6(2,3)4-5(7)8;/h4H2,1-3H3;1H2

InChI key

NJZRLXNBGZBREL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
14300B2629B0300
Betaine monohydrate ≥99%

Sigma-Aldrich

B2754

Betaine monohydrate

Betaine monohydrate ≥99.0% (NT)

Sigma-Aldrich

14300

Betaine monohydrate

Betaine ≥98% (perchloric acid titration)

Sigma-Aldrich

B2629

Betaine

Betaine solution 5 M, PCR Reagent

Sigma-Aldrich

B0300

Betaine solution

assay

≥99%

assay

≥99.0% (NT)

assay

≥98% (perchloric acid titration)

assay

-

form

powder or crystals

form

solid

form

powder or crystals

form

liquid

solubility

water: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless

solubility

H2O: 0.1 g/mL, clear, colorless

solubility

water: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

solubility

-

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

General description

Betaine is a zwitterionic quaternary ammonium compound and is mainly present in animals, microorganisms and plants. It is one of the main constituent of several food items like wheat, shellfish, spinach and sugar beets. It is also termed as trimethylglycine, lycine, glycine betaine and oxyneurine. Betaine is a methyl derivative of glycine. It has a molecular mass of 117.2.

Application

Betaine monohydrate has been used:
  • in the preparation of KLA buffer to perform polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
  • to study the its effects on Km and Vmax of human aldose reductase
  • to study its effects on the growth of A549 lung cancer both in vitro and in vivo

Biochem/physiol Actions

Betaine, as an osmolyte helps to guard the cells, proteins and enzymes from environmental stress. It also acts as a methyl donor to involve in the methionine cycle.
End-product of oxidative metabolism of choline, betaine is a general methyl donor, in particular in a minor pathway of methionine biosynthesis. It is used to treat homocystinuria, which is a defect in the major pathway of methionine biosynthesis.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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25G
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MMYOMAG-74K-13

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  • For a lot number such as TO09019TO, enter it as 09019TO (without the first two letters 'TO').

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Anirban Purohit et al.
Biophysical journal, 120(1), 73-85 (2020-11-23)
Sliding clamps are oligomeric ring-shaped proteins that increase the efficiency of DNA replication. The stability of the Escherichia coli β-clamp, a homodimer, is particularly remarkable. The dissociation equilibrium constant of the β-clamp is of the order of 10 pM in
Factors affecting counteraction by methylamines of urea effects on aldose reductase
Burg MB, et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 96(11), 6517-6522 (1999)
Study of the effects of betaine and/or C-phycocyanin on the growth of lung cancer A549 cells in vitro and in vivo
Bingula R, et al.
Journal of Oncology, 2016 (2016)
Wnt-dependent β-catenin signaling is activated after unilateral ureteral obstruction, and recombinant secreted frizzled-related protein 4 alters the progression of renal fibrosis.
Surendran K, et al.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 16(8), 2373-2384 (2005)
Stuart A S Craig
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 80(3), 539-549 (2004-08-24)
Betaine is distributed widely in animals, plants, and microorganisms, and rich dietary sources include seafood, especially marine invertebrates ( approximately 1%); wheat germ or bran ( approximately 1%); and spinach ( approximately 0.7%). The principal physiologic role of betaine is

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