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B8416

Sigma-Aldrich

Bleomycin sulfate from Streptomyces verticillus

1.5-2.0 units/mg solid, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

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Synonym(s):
Blenoxane, Bleo, Blexane
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

product line

BioReagent

Quality Level

form

crystalline

specific activity

1.5-2.0 units/mg solid

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

color

white

solubility

H2O: 20 mg/mL, clear, colorless

cation traces

Cu: ≤0.10%

antibiotic activity spectrum

fungi

Mode of action

DNA synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

[O-]S([O-])(=O)=O.C[C@@H](O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](C)[C@H](O)[C@@H](C)NC(=O)[C@H](NC(=O)c1nc(nc(N)c1C)[C@H](CC(N)=O)NC[C@H](N)C(N)=O)[C@@H](O[C@@H]2O[C@@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H]2O[C@@H]3O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@@H](OC(N)=O)[C@@H]3O)c4c[nH]cn4)C(=O)NCCc5nc(cs5)-c6ncc(s6)C(=O)NCCC[S+](C)C.C[C@@H](O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](C)[C@H](O)[C@@H](C)NC(=O)[C@H](NC(=O)c7nc(nc(N)c7C)[C@H](CC(N)=O)NC[C@H](N)C(N)=O)[C@@H](O[C@@H]8O[C@@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H]8O[C@@H]9O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@@H](OC(N)=O)[C@@H]9O)c%10c[nH]cn%10)C(=O)NCCc%11nc(cs%11)-c%12ncc(s%12)C(=O)NCCC[S+](C)C

InChI

1S/2C55H83N17O21S3.H2O4S/c2*1-20-33(69-46(72-44(20)58)25(12-31(57)76)64-13-24(56)45(59)82)50(86)71-35(41(26-14-61-19-66-26)91-54-43(39(80)37(78)28(16-73)90-54)92-53-40(81)42(93-55(60)88)38(79)29(17-74)89-53)51(87)67-22(3)36(77)21(2)47(83)70-34(23(4)75)49(85)63-10-8-32-68-27(18-94-32)52-65-15-30(95-52)48(84)62-9-7-11-96(5)6;1-5(2,3)4/h2*14-15,18-19,21-25,28-29,34-43,53-54,64,73-75,77-81H,7-13,16-17,56H2,1-6H3,(H13-,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,66,67,69,70,71,72,76,82,83,84,85,86,87,88);(H2,1,2,3,4)/t2*21-,22+,23+,24-,25-,28-,29+,34+,35+,36-,37+,38+,39-,40-,41-,42+,43-,53-,54-;/m00./s1

InChI key

OOXTWFJZZAJGKA-CNLAFNBISA-N

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This Item
B2434B550715361
form

crystalline

form

crystalline

form

crystalline

form

powder or crystals

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

-

color

white

color

-

color

white

color

white to off-white

solubility

H2O: 20 mg/mL, clear, colorless

solubility

H2O: 20 mg/mL, clear, colorless

solubility

H2O: 20 mg/mL

solubility

H2O: 20 mg/mL, clear, colorless

cation traces

Cu: ≤0.10%

cation traces

Cu: ≤0.10%

cation traces

Cu: ≤0.10%

cation traces

Cu: ≤0.1%

General description

Bleomycin Sulfate is an antineoplastic antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces verticillus. It is recommended for use as a cell culture agent at 10-100 μg/mL.
Chemical structure: glycopeptide

Application

Bleomycin is used in combination with Etoposide and Cisplatin to treat testicular, ovarian and cervical cancer. This combination is popular as BEP chemotherapy and has also been demonstrated as effective and most successful chemotherapy regimen in germ-cell tumors. Since it is a cytotoxic agent, bleomycin is known to induce endothelial damage the lung vasculature referred to as bleomycin-induced lung-injury or bleomycin-induced pneumonitis (BIP). Researchers have used this property of bleomycin to induce lung fibrosis in mouse and rat models.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Bleomycin sulfate binds to DNA, causes ssDNA scission at specific base sequences and inhibits DNA synthesis. This inhibitory action requires bleomycin to bind oxygen and a metal ion. It can also cleave RNA, to a lesser degree but more selectively. It acts as an inducer and regulator of apoptosis and inhibits tumor angiogenesis.

Components

This product is a mixture of glycopeptides antibiotics containing Bleomycin A2 (70%) and B2(30%). Bleomycins differ from each other in the terminal amine and show varying biological activity.

Caution

This product should be stored at 2-8°C.

Preparation Note

The product is soluble in water in water at 20 mg/mL and is active for several days. A solution of 2 units/mL in 0.1 M neutral potassium phosphate should be used within 14 days. A solution is active for three months at 3 units/mL in normal saline.

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place, strongly hygroscopic

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 2 - Muta. 1B - Repr. 2

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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