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C0283

Sigma-Aldrich

L-Carnitine hydrochloride

synthetic, ≥98%

Synonym(s):
(−)-β-Hydroxy-γ-(trimethylammonio)butyrate, Vitamin BT
Linear Formula:
(CH3)3N+CH2CH(OH)CH2CO2H · Cl-
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
197.66
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.79

biological source

synthetic

Quality Level

assay

≥98%

form

powder

color

white

mp

142 °C

application(s)

cell analysis

SMILES string

[Cl-].C[N+](C)(C)C[C@H](O)CC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C7H15NO3.ClH/c1-8(2,3)5-6(9)4-7(10)11;/h6,9H,4-5H2,1-3H3;1H/t6-;/m1./s1

InChI key

JXXCENBLGFBQJM-FYZOBXCZSA-N

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Application

L-Carnitine hydrochloride has been used to study ergothioneine transporter SLC22A4 and carnitine transporter SLC22A5. It has also been used to allow the entry of palmitic acid into the mitochondria.

Packaging

10 mg in glass bottle
1, 5, 25, 100 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Carnitine is biosynthesized from lysine. It might be associated with the energy production from branched chain amino acids.
Carnitine is a quaternary amine that occurs naturally in most mammalian tissue. It is present in relatively high concentrations in skeletal muscle and heart where it is involved in regulating energy metabolism. It shifts glucose metabolism from glycolysis to glycogen storage and enhances the transport of long chain fatty acids into the mitochondria where they are oxidized for energy production.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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