Kendall’s Compound E, 4-Pregnene-17α,21-diol-3,11,20-trione, 17α,21-Dihydroxy-4-pregnene-3,11,20-trione, 17α-Hydroxy-11-dehydrocorticosterone, Reichstein’s Substance Fa
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

biological source









inhibition assay: suitable


223-228 °C (dec.) (lit.)


chloroform: methanol (1:1): 50 mg/mL, clear to very slightly hazy, colorless to faintly yellow

shipped in


storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string




InChI key


Gene Information

human ... SERPINA6(866)

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Cortisone has been used:
  • to validate a 1β-HSD1 (11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1) inhibitor
  • to study the sensitivity of erythropoietic and granulopoietic progenitor cells to cortisone
  • in the determination of rates of cortisol oxidation by 11βHSD


250 mg in glass bottle
1, 5 g in glass bottle
Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cortisone is a glucocorticoid; a corticosterone analog that has approximately twice the anti-inflammatory potency as corticosterone but much lower Na2+ retention potency.
Cortisone (11 dehydro 17 hydroxycortico-sterone) is an anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid that delays wound healing after surgeries. It postpones the healing process by affecting the appearance of inflammatory cells, ground substance, fibroblasts, collagen, regenerating capillaries, and epithelial migration. Glucocorticoids have anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and immunosuppressive properties and are extensively used in treatment and therapy.

Features and Benefits

This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC


Health hazard

Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Hengmiao Cheng et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 20(9), 2897-2902 (2010-04-07)
The design and development of a series of highly selective pyrrolidine carboxamide 11beta-HSD1 inhibitors are described. These compounds including PF-877423 demonstrated potent in vitro activity against both human and mouse 11beta-HSD1 enzymes. In an in vivo assay, PF-877423 inhibited the...
Jean-Sébastien Raul et al.
Clinical biochemistry, 37(12), 1105-1111 (2004-12-14)
Since the 1960s, glucocorticoids are used by athletes to improve their performances. Their use is restricted in sports. Hair can document chronic abuse and can be therefore a complementary matrix for doping control. We have developed a new extraction, purification...
F Zalman et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 149(1), 67-72 (1979-01-01)
The sensitivity of erythropoietic (BFU-E) and granulopoietic (CFU-C) progenitor cells to dexamethasone and cortisone was studied in cultures of mouse bone marrow. Although the log dose-response relationships had a similar form, the BFU-E were much more sensitive than the CFU-C...
B Edwin et al.
Surgical endoscopy, 15(6), 589-591 (2001-10-10)
[corrected] We set out to record the operative times of an experienced laparoscopic team and assess the feasibility of outpatient laparoscopic adrenalectomy when optimal anesthesia was also offered to all patients. The study included 13 patients with aldosterone/cortisone hypersecretion and/or...
S McMullen et al.
Reproduction (Cambridge, England), 127(6), 717-725 (2004-06-04)
In the placenta, cortisol is inactivated by NADP(+)- and NAD(+)-dependent isoforms of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11betaHSD). Decreased placental 11betaHSD activities have been implicated in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and fetal programming of adult diseases. The objective of this study was to...

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