C2799

Sigma-Aldrich

Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum

powder, suitable for cell culture, ≥4 FALGPA units/mg solid, high purity, ≥700 CDU/mg solid (CDU = collagen digestion units)

Synonym(s):
Clostridiopeptidase A
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.75

Quality Level

biological source

Clostridium histolyticum

form

powder

specific activity

≥4 FALGPA units/mg solid
≥700 CDU/mg solid (CDU = collagen digestion units)

mol wt

68-130 kDa

purified by

chromatography

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

pH

7.4

foreign activity

neutral protease and clostripain ≤1 unit/mg solid

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

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Related Categories

Application

This product is suitable for the disaggregation of human tumor, mouse kidney, human adult and fetal brain, lung and many other epithelia tissues. It has also been shown to be effective in liver and kidney perfusion studies, digestion of pancreas, isolation of nonparenchymal rat liver cells and hepatocyte preparation. Collagenase has also been used in the preparation of arterial tissue for the study of Advanced Glycosylation End Products. This enzyme has been tested for the release of heptatocytes at a concentration of approximately 1 mg/mL. Concentrations for digestion range from 0.1 to 5 mg/mL.
Use for the digestion of collagen and the release of adherent cells from substrates.

Biochem/physiol Actions

The collagenase product is a mixture of enzymes secreted by C. histolyticum, with different products differentiated by the relative ratios of the 10-18 components found in the secreted enzymes. The main components are two collagenases, clostripain, and a neutral protease. The synergistic action of these enzymes degrade collagen and other intracellular material. The action of both collagenase enzymes and the neutral protease is necessary for effective release of cells from tissue. Various types of collagen are the natural substrates for collagenase.
Collagenase is activated by four gram atom calcium per mole enzyme. It is inhibited by ethylene glycol-bis(beta-aminoethyl ether) - N, N, N′,N′-tetraacetic acid, beta-mercaptoethanol, glutathione, thioglycolic acid and 8-hydroxyquinoline.

Caution

As supplied, this product is stable for one year at -20°C. There is no loss in FALGPA or protease activity in 30 days at 37°C, 50°C and -20°C. Solutions of crude collagenase are stable if frozen quickly in aliquots (at 10 mg/mL) and kept frozen at -20°C. Further freeze-thaw cycles will damage the solution. The product retains 100% activity over 7 hours when held on ice.

Unit Definition

One collagen digestion unit (CDU) liberates peptides from collagen from bovine achilles tendon equivalent in ninhydrin color to 1.0 μmole of leucine in 5 hours at pH 7.4 at 37 °C in the presence of calcium ions. One FALGPA hydrolysis unit hydrolyzes 1.0 μmole of furylacryloyl-Leu-Gly-Pro-Ala per min at 25°C. One Neutral Protease unit hydrolyzes casein to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmole of tyrosine per 5 hr at pH 7.5 at 37°C. One Clostripain Unit hydrolyzes 1.0 μmole of BAEE per min at pH 7.6 at 25°C in the presence of DTT.

Preparation Note

This collagenase is obtained from the culture filtrate of type VII (C0773) Clostridium histolyticum. The culture filtrate is thought to contain at least 7 different proteases ranging in molecular weight from 68-130 kDa. Solutions are typically prepared at 1-2 mg/mL in TESCA buffer (containing 50 mM TES, 0.36 mM Calcium chloride, pH 7.4 at 37°C.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

hazcat

Resp. Sens. 1

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Joseph E Peterson et al.
PloS one, 5(10), e13334-e13334 (2010-10-23)
Mineralized and permineralized bone is the most common form of fossilization in the vertebrate record. Preservation of gross soft tissues is extremely rare, but recent studies have suggested that primary soft tissues and biomolecules are more commonly preserved within preserved...
S Huan et al.
Human & experimental toxicology, 39(9), 1178-1189 (2020-02-25)
In this study, to investigate the effect of overexpression of miR-146a on autophagy of hippocampal neurons in rats with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), 72 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the sham, ICH, miR-146a agomir, and miR-146a agomir control groups. The...
Francisco Javier Rodríguez-Baena et al.
Scientific reports, 8(1), 13103-13103 (2018-09-01)
Recent advances have emphasized the relevance of studying the extracellular microenvironment given its main contribution to tissue homeostasis and disease. Within this complex scenario, we have studied the extracellular protease ADAMTS1 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin motif 1), implicated...
E L Angleton et al.
Biochemistry, 27(19), 7406-7412 (1988-09-20)
Both gamma- and zeta-collagenases from Clostridium histolyticum are fully and reversibly inhibited by 1,10-phenanthroline at pH 7.5 in the presence of 10 mM CaCl2 with KI values of 0.11 and 0.040 mM, respectively. The inhibition is caused by removal of...
E L Angleton et al.
Biochemistry, 27(19), 7413-7418 (1988-09-20)
Active site metal substitutions for both gamma- and zeta-collagenases from Clostridium histolyticum have been made by direct metal exchange. The incubation of Co(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Cd(II), and Hg(II) with these native collagenases results in changes in activity that parallel those...

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