C3646

Sigma-Aldrich

Chitosan

from shrimp shells, ≥75% (deacetylated)

Synonym(s):
Deacetylated chitin, Poly(D-glucosamine)
CAS Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

shrimp shells

Quality Level

assay

≥75% (deacetylated)

form

powder or flakes

solubility

acetic acid: water: 10 mg/mL, slightly hazy to hazy (with extensive sonication)
H2O: insoluble
organic solvents: insoluble

bulk density

0.15‑0.3 g/cm3

InChI

1S/C56H103N9O39/c1-87-56(86)65-28-38(84)46(19(10-74)96-55(28)104-45-18(9-73)95-49(27(64)37(45)83)97-39-12(3-67)88-47(85)20(57)31(39)77)103-54-26(63)36(82)44(17(8-72)94-54)102-53-25(62)35(81)43(16(7-71)93-53)101-52-24(61)34(80)42(15(6-70)92-52)100-51-23(60)33(79)41(14(5-69)91-51)99-50-22(59)32(78)40(13(4-68)90-50)98-48-21(58)30(76)29(75)11(2-66)89-48/h11-55,66-85H,2-10,57-64H2,1H3,(H,65,86)/t11-,12-,13-,14-,15-,16-,17-,18-,19-,20-,21-,22-,23-,24-,25-,26-,27-,28-,29-,30-,31-,32-,33-,34-,35-,36-,37-,38-,39-,40-,41-,42-,43-,44-,45-,46-,47-,48+,49+,50+,51+,52+,53+,54+,55+/m1/s1

InChI key

FLASNYPZGWUPSU-SICDJOISSA-N

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Application

Shrimp shell derived chitosan, deacetylated chitin (poly β-1,4-D-glucosamine), may be used as a biocompatible, antibacterial and environmentally friendly polyelectrolyte biomaterial with a variety of applications including uses in water treatment, chromatography, additives for cosmetics, textile treatment for antimicrobial activity, novel fibers for textiles, photographic papers, biodegradable films, biomedical devices, and microcapsule implants for controlled release in drug delivery. It may be derivatized to further expand its uses.
Forms gels with multivalent anions. Gives clear solutions that dry to strong, clear films.

Packaging

10, 25, 100, 500 g in poly bottle

Features and Benefits

Biocompatible, antibacterial and environmentally friendly polyelectrolyte with a variety of applications including water treatment, chromatography, additives for cosmetics, textile treatment for antimicrobial activity, novel fibers for textiles, photographic papers, biodegradable films, biomedical devices, and microcapsule implants for controlled release in drug delivery.

Quality

May contain foreign matter.

Preparation Note

Prepared by the alkaline deacetylation of chitin obtained from the shells of shrimp (Pandalus borealis). Chitin is manufactured industrially by crushing shrimp shells, then washing the solids with acids to remove inorganic and proteinaceous material. The purified chitin is deacetylated to chitosan by treatment with a strong base such as sodium hydroxide. The resulting chitosan may be further purified by preparation of solutions in acid followed by neutralization and precipitation.

Analysis Note

The degree of acetylation may be determined by dye binding or titration methods.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

nwg

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. What is the molecular weight of Product C3646, Chitosan from shrimp shells?

    Sigma-Aldrich has not determined an average molecular weight or a molecular weight range for this product.

  6. Is Product C3646, Chitosan from shrimp shells, USP grade?

    No, this product is not considered USP grade.  

  7. What is the pKa of Product C3646, Chitosan from shrimp shells?

    The amino group in chitosan has a pKa value of ~6.5.

  8. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

  9. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

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Koen van der Maaden et al.
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 30(7), 1812-1819 (2014-01-30)
The aim of this work was to generate a tunable surface isoelectric point (sIEP), where the surface is modified with two molecules: a weak base (pyridine), carrying a pH dependent positive charge, and a derivative of a strong acid (sulfate)...
Determination of the degree of acetylation of chitin and chitosan.
Davies, D. H., and Hayes, E. R.
Methods in Enzymology, 161-pt. B, 442-446 (1988)
Sirong Tan et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(8), 1866-1874 (2014-02-01)
Chitosan (CTS) and capsaicin (CAP) are two kinds of effective ingredients for antiobesity, which are extracted from crab shells and Capsicum annuum. However, the strong taste of CAP makes it difficult to consume, and the antiobesity ability of CTS is...
Frederik T Larsen et al.
Vaccines, 8(2) (2020-05-21)
Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a highly contagious avian coronavirus. IBV causes substantial worldwide economic losses in the poultry industry. Vaccination with live-attenuated viral vaccines, therefore, are of critical importance. Live-attenuated viral vaccines, however, exhibit the potential for reversion to...
Wen-Chu Hsiao et al.
Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi, 118(1 Pt 1), 152-161 (2018-03-04)
Cell behaviors in three-dimensional spheroids are known to be different from those in monolayer cultures; however, very few studies have compared the characteristics of cell spheroids formed through different biomaterial-induced processes. This study investigated the mechanism of melanocyte spheroid formation...
Articles
Microparticles with controlled size and morphology are of significant interest in the fields of drug delivery and biopharmaceuticals. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of processing parameters on the ability to control the size and distribution of chitosan based microparticles, targeting diameter range of 1-10 µm. The effect of encapsulating bovine serum albumin (BSA), a model protein, as well as sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP), a cross-linker, was studied.
Read More
Enzymatic Assay of Chitosanase from Streptomyces Species
Read More

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