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C3766

Sigma-Aldrich

Cholesterol Esterase from bovine pancreas

lyophilized powder, ≥200 units/g protein

Synonym(s):
Sterol-ester acylhydrolase
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:

form

lyophilized powder

Quality Level

specific activity

≥200 units/g protein

mol wt

84 kDa by SDS-PAGE

composition

protein, ≥20%

storage temp.

−20°C

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General description

Cholesterol Esterase from bovine pancreas is a member of α-β hydrolase superfamily. The core of the protein comprises 11 β-strands, surrounded by 15 α-strands. Catalytic triad is in the centre of the molecule. The C-terminus possesses hydrophobic residues.

Application

Cholesterol Esterase from bovine pancreas has been used:
  • in γ-oryzanol-hydrolyzing activity
  • in cholesterol esterase enzyme activity for quantification of cholesterol and cholesterol esters associated in tear film and lenses samples
  • to test in vitro degradation of poly(fumaroyl bioxirane) maleate (PFM) polymer designed for bone tissue engineering

Cholesterol esterase bound to membrane-associated heparin on brush border membranes aids in the transport of cholesterol and free fatty acid across the membrane. This enzyme is widely used in the determination of serum cholesterol in clinical laboratories. The enzyme from Sigma has been used to evaluate the inhibitory and antioxidant functions of the methanol extract of the Camellia sinensis leaves under in vitro conditions. The enzyme has also been used to digest human serum samples to confirm the presence and position of acyl esters of 7α-hydroxycholesterol.
Enzyme responsible for the hydrolysis of many of the fatty acid esters of cholesterol.
Optimum pH range: 6-8
Activators: Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether, cAMP-dependent protein kinase type II, ethanol, methanol, n-butanol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, sodium taurocholic acid
Inhibitors: Bisphenol A methacrylate, diisopropylfluorophosphate, enolase, Hg2+, sodium fluoride, phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine

Packaging

100, 500 units in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cholesterol esterase (CE) is a reversible enzyme that can hydrolyze or synthesize fatty acid esters of cholesterol and other sterols. Hydrolysis of water insoluble long chain fatty acid esters requires bile salt activation. Hydrolysis of water soluble esters of short chain fatty acids and lysophospholipids does not require activation by bile salts. It also hydrolyzes tri-, di-, and mono-acylglycerols, phospholipids, lysophospholipids, and ceramide. This monomeric glycoprotein may have multiple functions in lipid and lipoprotein metabolism, as well as in atherosclerosis. Its molecular mass is found to be 84 kDa.

Other Notes

Partially purified

Unit Definition

One unit will hydrolyze 1.0 μmole of cholesteryl oleate to cholesterol and oleic acid per minute at pH 7.0 at 37 °C in the presence of taurocholate.

Physical form

This product is partially purified from bovine pancreas and is supplied as a white to light brown lyophilized powder containing ≥20% protein (biuret) and potassium phosphate.

Preparation Note

Cholesterol esterase is soluble in 0.4 M potassium phosphate, pH 7.0 at 1 mg/mL concentration.

Analysis Note

Protein determined by biuret.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis of gamma-oryzanol.
Miller A, et al.
European Food Research and Technology, 218(4), 349-354 (2004)
Enzymatic quantification of cholesterol and cholesterol esters from silicone hydrogel contact lenses.
Pucker AD, et al.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 51(6), 2949-2954 (2010)
H Oda et al.
Journal of lipid research, 31(12), 2209-2218 (1990-12-01)
Serum levels of 7 alpha-hydroxycholesterol and activities of hepatic microsomal cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase in surgical patients were analyzed by capillary gas-liquid chromatography-selected ion monitoring technique using a new internal standard, 5 alpha-cholestane-3 beta, 7 beta-diol. We found that concentrations of
A Lopez-Candales et al.
Biochemistry, 32(45), 12085-12089 (1993-11-16)
We have recently hypothesized that neutral lipids can, in part, move across biological membranes via a mechanism involving enzymes anchored to membrane proteoglycans such as those found in the brush border of the enterocyte [Bosner, M. S., Gulick, T., Riley
A functional polymer designed for bone tissue engineering.
You Z, et al.
Acta Biomaterialia, 8(2), 502-510 (2012)

Articles

Cholesterol Esterification

Cholesterol undergoes esterification to improve transport. Cholesterol esters are more easily packaged into the interior of lipoproteins - increasing the quantity that can be readily transported in the blood stream.

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