C4905

Sigma-Aldrich

Galactocerebrosides from bovine brain

≥97% (TLC)

Synonym(s):
Ceramide β-D-galactoside
CAS Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥97% (TLC)

storage temp.

−20°C

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General description

A mixture of type I (containing α-hydroxy fatty acid) and type II (containing non-hydroxy fatty acid) cerebrosides. Galactocerebroside (GalCer) is a glycosphingolipid, that consists of a single galactose residue, connected to ceramide . GalCer is present within the exofacial leaflet of the lipid bilayer.

Application

Galactocerebrosides from bovine brain has been used to find the receptor activity of surface-immobilized galactosylceramide. It has also been used in sulfatide binding assay.

Packaging

10, 25 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Galactocerebroside (GalCer) participates in the progression and maintenance of myelin. This oligodendroglial lipid is used as an immunohistochemical tool for studying oligodendrocytes.
Galactose linked to ceramide by a β-glycosidic linkage; the major lipid in adult brain, representing approximately 16% of total lipid; they are mainly localized to myelin and are markedly reduced in demyelinating diseases.

storage_class_code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Piglet ileal mucus contains protein and glycolipid (galactosylceramide) receptors specific for Escherichia coli K88 fimbriae.
Blomberg L, et al.
Infection and Immunity, 61(6), 2526-2531 (1993)
Scaffold-forming and adhesive contributions of synthetic laminin-binding proteins to basement membrane assembly
McKee K K, et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 284(13), 8984-8994 (2009)
Gangliosides and Autoimmune Peripheral Nerve Diseases
Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science, 156, 355-382 (2018)
Oligodendrocyte morphology
Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (2009)
Rodell C Barrientos et al.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 28(11), 2330-2343 (2017-08-24)
Glycosphingolipids are essential biomolecules widely distributed across biological kingdoms yet remain relatively underexplored owing to both compositional and structural complexity. While the glycan head group has been the subject of most studies, there is paucity of reports on the lipid...

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