C4999

Sigma-Aldrich

Proinsulin C-Peptide (55-89) human

bioactive peptide hormone

Synonym(s):
Proinsulin connecting peptide
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C153H259N49O52
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
3616.99
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.26
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

form

powder

color

white

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CC(C)C[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(O)=O)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(N)=O)NC(=O)CNC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(N)=O)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(O)=O)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(O)=O)NC(=O)[C@H](C)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(O)=O)NC(=O)[C@H](CCCNC(N)=N)NC(=O)[C@@H](N)CCCNC(N)=N)C(C)C)C(C)C)C(=O)NCC(=O)NCC(=O)NCC(=O)N1CCC[C@H]1C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](C)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(N)=O)C(=O)N2CCC[C@H]2C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(N)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C153H259N49O52/c1-71(2)55-94(193-134(237)91(40-48-119(222)223)189-148(251)122(78(15)16)200-135(238)86(33-41-105(156)205)179-112(212)67-175-147(250)121(77(13)14)199-136(239)88(35-43-107(158)207)188-139(242)97(58-74(7)8)194-142(245)100(61-120(224)225)197-133(236)90(39-47-118(220)221)182-124(227)80(18)177-129(232)89(38-46-117(218)219)186-130(233)84(29-23-51-167-152(162)163)183-126(229)82(155)27-22-50-166-151(160)161)128(231)172-63-110(210)169-62-109(209)170-68-115(215)201-53-25-31-103(201)145(248)174-64-111(211)176-79(17)123(226)171-65-113(213)180-101(69-203)144(247)196-99(60-76(11)12)141(244)190-92(36-44-108(159)208)149(252)202-54-26-32-104(202)146(249)198-95(56-72(3)4)137(240)178-81(19)125(228)192-96(57-73(5)6)138(241)185-85(37-45-116(216)217)127(230)173-66-114(214)181-102(70-204)143(246)195-98(59-75(9)10)140(243)187-87(34-42-106(157)206)132(235)184-83(28-20-21-49-154)131(234)191-93(150(253)254)30-24-52-168-153(164)165/h71-104,121-122,203-204H,20-70,154-155H2,1-19H3,(H2,156,205)(H2,157,206)(H2,158,207)(H2,159,208)(H,169,210)(H,170,209)(H,171,226)(H,172,231)(H,173,230)(H,174,248)(H,175,250)(H,176,211)(H,177,232)(H,178,240)(H,179,212)(H,180,213)(H,181,214)(H,182,227)(H,183,229)(H,184,235)(H,185,241)(H,186,233)(H,187,243)(H,188,242)(H,189,251)(H,190,244)(H,191,234)(H,192,228)(H,193,237)(H,194,245)(H,195,246)(H,196,247)(H,197,236)(H,198,249)(H,199,239)(H,200,238)(H,216,217)(H,218,219)(H,220,221)(H,222,223)(H,224,225)(H,253,254)(H4,160,161,166)(H4,162,163,167)(H4,164,165,168)/t79-,80-,81-,82-,83-,84-,85-,86-,87-,88-,89-,90-,91-,92-,93-,94-,95-,96-,97-,98-,99-,100-,101-,102-,103-,104-,121-,122-/m0/s1

InChI key

JEPNOJXFZHBCTB-ZCUALFGZSA-N

Related Categories

Amino Acid Sequence

Arg-Arg-Glu-Ala-Glu-Asp-Leu-Gln-Val-Gly-Gln-Val-Glu-Leu-Gly-Gly-Gly-Pro-Gly-Ala-Gly-Ser-Leu-Gln-Pro-Leu-Ala-Leu-Glu-Gly-Ser-Leu-Gln-Lys-Arg

General description

Human proinsulin, the single-chain peptide precursor of insulin, consists of the insulin A and B chains connected by the 31 amino acid C-peptide. Cleavage of proinsulin by proteolytic enzymes produces insulin and free C-peptide. The product here is the 35-mer peptide (Arg−Arg-C-Peptide-Lys-Arg) observed to separate the insulin A and B chains.

Biochem/physiol Actions

C-Peptide was initially thought to have no intrinsic biological activity. More recent research has identified multiple biological effects of C-peptide, including binding to cell membranes, activation of signaling pathways, and stimulation of Na+,K+-ATPase and endothelial nitric oxide synthetase. However, the exact function of C-peptide is unclear due to conflicting physiological effects.
C-Peptide Fragment (55-89) is a fragment derived from the proinsulin C-peptide. C-peptide has cell signaling activity that involves calcium-dependent intracellular signaling. C-Peptide Fragment 55-89 may be used to help researchers understand the role of specific sequences within the C-peptide in binding, conformation and function of C-peptide.

Other Notes

Lyophilized from 0.1% TFA in H2O

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
The conformational protential of porcine proinsulin C-peptide.
Vogt HP, Wollmer A, et al.
Hoppe-Seyler'S Zeitschrift fur Physiologische Chemie, 357, 107-116 (1971)
John Wahren et al.
Experimental diabesity research, 5(1), 15-23 (2004-06-17)
New results present C-peptide as a biologically active peptide hormone in its own right. Although C-peptide is formed from proinsulin and cosecreted with insulin, it is a separate entity with biochemical and physiological characteristics that differ from those of insulin....
Intracellular signaling by C-peptide.
Hills, C.E. and Brunskill, N.J.
Experimental Diabetes Research, 635158-635158 (2008)
R S Mughal et al.
Diabetologia, 53(8), 1761-1771 (2010-05-13)
Endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) play key roles in the development of intimal hyperplasia in saphenous vein (SV) bypass grafts. In diabetic patients, insulin administration controls hyperglycaemia but cardiovascular complications remain. Insulin is synthesised as a pro-peptide...
C-Peptide: A new mediator of atherosclerosis in diabetes.
Vasic, D., and Walcher, D.
Mediators of Inflammation, 858692-858692 (2012)

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