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C5776

Sigma-Aldrich

Cocaine hydrochloride

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Synonym(s):
Ecgonine methyl ester benzoate hydrochloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C17H21NO4 · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
339.81
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

form

powder

drug control

USDEA Schedule II; Home Office Schedule 2; stupéfiant (France); kontrollierte Droge in Deutschland; regulated under CDSA - not available from Sigma-Aldrich Canada; estupefaciente (Spain); Decreto Lei 15/93: Tabela IB (Portugal)

application(s)

forensics and toxicology

SMILES string

Cl.COC(=O)[C@H]1[C@H](C[C@@H]2CC[C@H]1N2C)OC(=O)c3ccccc3

InChI

1S/C17H21NO4.ClH/c1-18-12-8-9-13(18)15(17(20)21-2)14(10-12)22-16(19)11-6-4-3-5-7-11;/h3-7,12-15H,8-10H2,1-2H3;1H/t12-,13+,14-,15+;/m0./s1

InChI key

PIQVDUKEQYOJNR-VZXSFKIWSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
C8912M0267M1796
vibrant-m

C5776

Cocaine hydrochloride

vibrant-m

C8912

Cocaine free base

vibrant-m

M0267

(±)-Methadone hydrochloride

form

powder

form

powder

form

powder

form

-

drug control

USDEA Schedule II; Home Office Schedule 2; stupéfiant (France); kontrollierte Droge in Deutschland; regulated under CDSA - not available from Sigma-Aldrich Canada; estupefaciente (Spain); Decreto Lei 15/93: Tabela IB (Portugal)

drug control

USDEA Schedule II; Home Office Schedule 2; stupéfiant (France); kontrollierte Droge in Deutschland; regulated under CDSA - not available from Sigma-Aldrich Canada; estupefaciente (Spain); Decreto Lei 15/93: Tabela IB (Portugal)

drug control

USDEA Schedule II; Home Office Schedule 2; stupéfiant (France); kontrollierte Droge in Deutschland; regulated under CDSA - not available from Sigma-Aldrich Canada; estupefaciente (Spain); Decreto Lei 15/93: Tabela IA (Portugal)

drug control

USDEA Schedule I; Home Office Schedule 1; stupéfiant (France); kontrollierte Droge in Deutschland; regulated under CDSA - not available from Sigma-Aldrich Canada; psicótropo (Spain); Decreto Lei 15/93: Tabela IA (Portugal)

application(s)

forensics and toxicology

application(s)

forensics and toxicology

application(s)

-

application(s)

-

Application

Cocaine hydrochloride has been used:
  • in saline control to study the effects of cocaine self-administration in mouse brain
  • as adopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA), and serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor to evoke neurotransmitter release in artificial fish cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF)
  • to examine conditioning to intravenous cocaine hydrochloride

Biochem/physiol Actions

Inhibits the dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin transporters with Kis of about 300 nM, 900 nM, and 400 nM, respectively. Unlike amphetamines, it has no effect on catecholamine release.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Biogenic Amine Transporters page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 2 Oral - Repr. 2 - STOT SE 3

target_organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type P3 (EN 143) respirator cartridges


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Maria E Burkovetskaya et al.
ACS chemical neuroscience, 11(15), 2231-2242 (2020-07-02)
Cocaine addiction remains a major public concern throughout the world especially in developed countries. In the last three decades, significant achievements have led to a greater understanding of the signaling pathways involved in the development of cocaine addiction; however, there
Benoît Forget et al.
Progress in neurobiology, 197, 101898-101898 (2020-08-26)
Cocaine addiction is a chronic and relapsing disorder with an important genetic component. Human candidate gene association studies showed that the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs16969968 in the α5 subunit (α5SNP) of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), previously associated with increased
Michel Engeln et al.
Biological psychiatry, 87(11), 992-1000 (2019-12-21)
We previously showed that the transcription factor Egr3 (early growth response 3) is oppositely regulated in nucleus accumbens (NAc) cell subtypes 24 hours following cocaine exposure and bidirectionally mediates cocaine-related behaviors in male rodents. Overexpressing Egr3 in D2 receptor-containing medium
Ernest T Chivero et al.
Frontiers in cell and developmental biology, 8, 573-573 (2020-08-28)
MicroRNA-124 (miR-124), a brain-enriched microRNA, is known to regulate microglial quiescence. Psychostimulants such as cocaine have been shown to activate microglia by downregulating miR-124, leading, in turn, to neuroinflammation. We thus rationalized that restoring the levels of miR-124 could function
Maria E Burkovetskaya et al.
Neuroscience letters, 728, 134951-134951 (2020-04-13)
The evidence showing the involvement of microglial activation in the development of drug addiction remain scarce as microglia have not been systematically investigated in self-administered mice, a gold standard rodent model for drug addiction. Here we established the stable cocaine

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