Chlorophyll b from spinach

≥90% (HPLC), ≤0.5% Chlorophyll a

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


≥90% (HPLC)




≤0.5% Chlorophyll a


183-185 °C (lit.)

ε (extinction coefficient)

15.9 × 104 at 452 nm in diethyl ether (lit.)
5.61 × 104 at 644 nm in diethyl ether (lit.)

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

Chlorophyll b is one of the chlorophyll pigments that impart leaves their green color. Chlorophyll is a Greek name with chlorós meaning green and phyllon meaning leaf. The structure of Chlorophyll b was successfully decoded by Fischer and Wenderoth. It is present in peripheral antenna complexes along with chlorophyll a. The amount of chlorophyll b in spinach is found to be lesser than chlorophyll a.


Chlorophyll b from spinach has been used:
  • to perform quantitative analysis of the components of carotenoid and chlorophyll in the monovarietal virgin olive oil samples
  • to study the function of chlorophyll and porphyrins in the photo-oxidation of dairy products using sensory evaluation and fluorescence spectroscopy
  • to analyze the limits of application of spectrophotometry and spectrofluorimetry in the determination of Chlorophyll a/b ratio
  • to examine the changes in chlorophyll -a & -b content and color of grapevine leaves


1, 5 mg in ampule
Sealed ampule.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Chlorophyll b undergoes breakdown to form pheophytin b by the enzyme chlorophyllase. This causes a change in its color from green to olive-brown. It is involved in the harvesting of light energy during the process of photosynthesis and its subsequent conversion to chemical energy. Along with chlorophyll a, it plays a key role in the ability of a plant to adapt to different light intensities.
Chlorophyll b extends the absorption spectrum of light-harvesting complexes LHC-I and LHC-II above 700 nm, a region of the visible spectrum that is not absorbed when only chlorophyll a is present in the LHCs.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. C5878.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

The role of naturally occurring chlorophyll and porphyrins in light-induced oxidation of dairy products. A study based on fluorescence spectroscopy and sensory analysis
Wold JP, et al.
International dairy journal, 15(4), 343-353 (2005)
A Tanaka et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 95(21), 12719-12723 (1998-10-15)
Chlorophyll b is an ubiquitous accessory pigment in land plants, green algae, and prochlorophytes. Its biosynthesis plays a key role in the adaptation to various light environments. We isolated six chlorophyll b-less mutants by insertional mutagenesis by using the nitrate...
On the limits of applicability of spectrophotometric and spectrofluorimetric methods for the determination of chlorophyll a/b ratio
Kouril R, et al.
Photosynthesis Research, 62(1), 107-116 (1999)
Chlorophyll and colour changes in grapevine leaves preserved by passive modification
K?rca A, et al.
European Food Research and Technology, 223(3), 387-393 (2006)
Sunita Kataria et al.
Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology, 196, 85-92 (2012-09-29)
A field study was conducted to investigate the impact of ambient solar UV on the various growth, physiological and yield parameters of four sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) varieties-Indore-12, Indore-26, CSV-23 and Indore-27 by excluding either UV-B (<315 nm) or UV-A/B...

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