C5894

Sigma-Aldrich

Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum

non-sterile; 0.2 μm filtered, Type IA-S, 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid

Synonym(s):
Clostridiopeptidase A
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:

Quality Level

sterility

non-sterile; 0.2 μm filtered

form

lyophilized powder

specific activity

≥125 CDU/mg solid
0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid

mol wt

68-130 kDa

storage temp.

−20°C

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Application

Collagenase has been used in the preparation of arterial tissue for the study of Advanced Glycosylation End Products (AGE). The enzyme has also been used along with other proteases for the disaggregation of human tumor, mouse kidney, human brain, lung epithelium and many other tissues. It is also used for liver and kidney perfusion studies, digestion of pancreas, and isolation of nonparenchymal hepatocytes. This enzyme is tested for the release of hepatocytes at approx.1 mg/mL conc. (in a total volume of 100 mL for each rat liver).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Effective release of cells from tissue requires the action of collagenase enzymes and the neutral protease. Collagenase is activated by four gram atom calcium (Ca2+) per mole enzyme. The culture filtrate is thought to contain at least 7 different proteases ranging in molecular weight from 68-130 kDa. The pH optimum is 6.3-8.8. The enzyme is typically used to digest the connective components in tissue samples to liberate individual cells. Collagenase treatment can cause some cells to die. Typically, concentrations varying from 0.1 to 5 mg/mL are used for digestion. The duration of reaction varyies from 15 minutes to several hours and yields a satisfactory cell dissociation without causing too much cell death. Krebs Ringer buffer with calcium and BSA is preferred and Zn2+ is required for activity.
Collagenase is activated by four gram atom calcium per mole enzyme. It is inhibited by ethylene glycol-bis(beta-aminoethyl ether) - N, N, N′,N′-tetraacetic acid, beta-mercaptoethanol, glutathione, thioglycolic acid and 8-hydroxyquinoline.

Caution

As supplied, this product is stable for one year at -20°C. There is no loss in FALGPA or protease activity in 30 days at 37°C, 50°C and -20°C. Solutions of crude collagenase are stable if frozen quickly in aliquots (at 10 mg/mL) and kept frozen at -20°C. Further freeze-thaw cycles will damage the solution. The product retains 100% activity over 7 hours when held on ice.

Unit Definition

One collagen digestion unit (CDU) liberates peptides from collagen from bovine achilles tendon equivalent in ninhydrin color to 1.0 μmole of leucine in 5 hours at pH 7.4 at 37 °C in the presence of calcium ions. One FALGPA hydrolysis unit hydrolyzes 1.0 μmole of furylacryloyl-Leu-Gly-Pro-Ala per min at 25°C. One Neutral Protease unit hydrolyzes casein to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmole of tyrosine per 5 hr at pH 7.5 at 37°C. One Clostripain Unit hydrolyzes 1.0 μmole of BAEE per min at pH 7.6 at 25°C in the presence of DTT.

Preparation Note

Solutions are typically prepared at 1-2 mg/mL in TESCA buffer (containing 50 mM TES, 0.36 mM Calcium chloride, pH 7.4 at 37°C.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

hazcat

Resp. Sens. 1

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Laura Rennert et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 9, 1589-1589 (2018-08-01)
Endogenously released adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) is a key regulator of physiological function and inflammatory responses in the kidney. Genetic or pharmacological inhibition of purinergic receptors has been linked to attenuation of inflammatory disorders and hence constitutes promising new avenues for halting...
Amit P Bhole et al.
Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences, 367(1902), 3339-3362 (2009-08-07)
There has been great interest in understanding the methods by which collagen-based load-bearing tissue is constructed, grown and maintained in vertebrate animals. To date, the responsibility for this process has largely been placed with mesenchymal fibroblastic cells that are thought...
Alexandra J Trevisan et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 1300-1300 (2020-01-30)
The dorsal root ganglia (DRG) house the primary afferent neurons responsible for somatosensation, including pain. We previously identified Jedi-1 (PEAR1/MEGF12) as a phagocytic receptor expressed by satellite glia in the DRG involved in clearing apoptotic neurons during development. Here, we...
Mako Kato et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 423(2), 428-434 (2011-12-27)
Elevated interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) in a tumor is a barrier to tumor accumulation of systemic delivery of nanocarriers. In this study, we investigated whether intravenous injection of type I collagenase (collagenase-1) reduced IFP in tumors and increased the accumulation...
H E Van Wart et al.
Biochemistry, 24(23), 6520-6526 (1985-11-05)
The substrate specificities of three class I (beta, gamma, and eta) and three class II (sigma, epsilon, and zeta) collagenases from Clostridium histolyticum have been investigated by quantitating the kcat/KM values for the hydrolysis of 53 synthetic peptides with collagen-like...

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