The CACO-2 cell line is a widely used in vitro model for mimicking the small intestine for drug transport studies. These cell lines form monolayers and are useful in intestinal permeation studies for screening excipients in drug formulations.
Cell Line Origin
Human Caucasian colon adenocarcinoma
Cell Line Description
Isolated from a primary colonic tumour in a 72-year-old Caucasian male using the explant culture technique. Forms moderately well differentiated adenocarcinomas consistent with colonic primary grade II, in nude mice.
CACO-2 Cell Line human has been used:
- to study if components of the sigma B regulon in Listeria monocytogenes contribute to cell invasion
- for functional analysis of bacteriocin divercin AS7
- to study the intracellular invasion by Listeria ivanovii
- to study the effect of Maslinic acid, a pentacyclic triterpene, on colon cancer cell lines
- in in vitro digestive enzymes toxicity studies
- for Hazara virus infection and cultivation
- to test the anti-cancer activity of the Curcuma longa and Origanum marjorana
- in biocompatibility studies with the bark extracts of Salix spp.
- to test the effect of N-3-oxo-dodecanoyl-homoserine (3O-C12-HSL) lactone from P.aeruginosa on the mitochondrial functionality
- to test the effect of elastin-like recombinamer (ELR) based nanoparticle
- as an in vitro epithelial cell model for studying the toxicity of zinc oxide nanoparticle
- in the intestinal permeability assays with green rooibos extract
- in toxicity studies with mycotoxin Deoxynivalenol (DON) cadmium (Cd)
STR-PCR Data: Amelogenin: X
Split sub-confluent cultures (70-80%) 1:3 to 1:6 i.e. seeding at 2-4x10,000 cells/cm2 using 0.25% Trypsinor Trypsin/EDTA; 5% CO2; 37°C. NB: During routine subculture the cells should always be subcultured before they achieve confluence. Cells may show the appearance of circular vacuoles in the cytoplasm. These may increase in frequency as the culture density increases to confluence. To reduce their frequency, media change confluent cultures after 2-3 days if not subcultured. Cells can clump if not separated into a single cell suspension when split.
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NaviCyte Scientific holds the exclusive commercial distribution rights to the CACO-2 cell line deposited by the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. Note: All uses of Catalogue Numbers 86010202 and 09042001, other than for research by a non-commercial or academic entity, require a license and use authorization from NaviCyte Scientific under its exclusive arrangement with Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. For information on the licensing terms, please contact NaviCyte Scientific via firstname.lastname@example.org or (+1) 973-868-6100.