Cell Line Origin
Human Caucasian bronchioalveolar carcinoma
Cell Line Description
NCI-H358 was isolated from a primary bronchioalveolar carcinoma of the lung from a Caucasian male taken prior to treatment. Ultrastructural studies of this non-small cell carcinoma of the lung (NSCLC) demonstrated the presence of granules characteristic of Clara cells. NCI-H358 do not express UDP-glucuronosyltransferases, but do express glutathione-S-transferase and phenol sulphotransferase. Expression of SP-A protein and RNA, the major surfactant-associated protein was detected. SP-B and SP-C RNA was not expressed. A complete homozygous deletion of the p53 gene and therefore a lack of p53 protein has been reported. A colony forming efficiency of 0.83% in soft agarose, and growth in serum-free media has been reported. The cells are tumourigenic in athymic nude mice, and exhibit a doubling time of 38 hours in RPMI 1640 medium. Since these cells are proficient in oxidation of xenobiotics but deficient in their conjugation with glucuronic acid they present a tool for analysing the role of glucuronic acid conjugation in the inactivation of chemicals in intact cells.
Test system for evaluating cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of chemicals to human lung
STR-PCR Data: Amelogenin: X,Y
RPMI 1640 + 2mM Glutamine + 5-10% Foetal Bovine Serum (FBS).
Split sub-confluent cultures (70-80%) 1:3 to 1:6 i.e. seeding at 1-3x10,000 cells/cm2 using 0.25% trypsin or trypsin/EDTA; 5% CO2; 37°C.
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