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D2390

Sigma-Aldrich

Dacarbazine

antineoplastic purine analog

Synonym(s):
5-(3,3-Dimethyl-1-triazenyl)imidazole-4-carboxamide, DTIC
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C6H10N6O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
182.18
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.85

Quality Level

form

powder or crystals

solubility

1 M HCl: 50 mg/mL

antibiotic activity spectrum

neoplastics

Mode of action

DNA synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CN(C)\N=N\c1[nH]cnc1C(N)=O

InChI

1S/C6H10N6O/c1-12(2)11-10-6-4(5(7)13)8-3-9-6/h3H,1-2H3,(H2,7,13)(H,8,9)/b11-10+

InChI key

FDKXTQMXEQVLRF-ZHACJKMWSA-N

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Application

Dacarbazine is a triazine antineoplastic agent that is used for DNA methylation via formation of methyl adducts. It is used to treat metastatic malignant melanomas and Hodgkin′s when used in combination with other antineoplastic agents.

Packaging

100 mg in glass bottle
1 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Dacarbazine is a purine analog of naturally occurring purine precursor 5-amino-1H-imidazole-4-carboxamide (AIC). It is a synthetic triazine antineoplastic agent that exerts cytotoxic effects by acting as an alkylating agent and by inhibiting DNA synthesis and inducing apoptosis. It is known to induce hepatotoxicity in mice. Dacarbazine is not cell cycle-phase specific.

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

Pictograms

Exclamation markHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Carc. 1B - Eye Irrit. 2 - Muta. 1B - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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