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D8130

Sigma-Aldrich

5,5′-Dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid)

≥98%, BioReagent, suitable for determination of sulfhydryl groups

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Synonym(s):
3-Carboxy-4-nitrophenyl disulfide, 6,6′-Dinitro-3,3′-dithiodibenzoic acid, Bis(3-carboxy-4-nitrophenyl) disulfide, DTNB, Ellman’s Reagent
Linear Formula:
[-SC6H3(NO2)CO2H]2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
396.35
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1896821
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.26

product line

BioReagent

assay

≥98%

form

powder

mp

240-245 °C (dec.) (lit.)

suitability

suitable for determination of sulfhydryl groups

SMILES string

OC(=O)c1cc(SSc2ccc(c(c2)C(O)=O)[N+]([O-])=O)ccc1[N+]([O-])=O

InChI

1S/C14H8N2O8S2/c17-13(18)9-5-7(1-3-11(9)15(21)22)25-26-8-2-4-12(16(23)24)10(6-8)14(19)20/h1-6H,(H,17,18)(H,19,20)

InChI key

KIUMMUBSPKGMOY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
D218200322123373605
vibrant-m

D8130

5,5′-Dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid)

Essential+ Grade
vibrant-m

373605

6,6′-Dithiodinicotinic acid

-
assay

≥98%

assay

99%

assay

≥98% (titration)

assay

85%

mp

240-245 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

240-245 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

-

mp

263-265 °C (lit.)

form

powder

form

powder

form

solid

form

solid

product line

BioReagent

product line

ReagentPlus®

product line

-

product line

-

suitability

suitable for determination of sulfhydryl groups

suitability

-

suitability

-

suitability

-

General description

5,5′-Dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) is also called DTNB or Ellman′s reagent. It is a water soluble reagent, which interacts with thiol groups, and can be used conveniently at neutral pH. Thiolate anion (RS-) reacts with Ellman′s reagent (DTNB2-), to produce 2-nitro-5-thiobenzoate anion (TNB2-) and one mixed disulfide (R-S-TNB-). TNB2- has a high molar absorption coefficient, and absorbs at 412nm. This absorption is independent of pH, at pH> 7.3.

Application

Ellman′s reagent maybe used for acetylcholinesterase assay, and to specifically label cysteine residues. It is a sensitive reagent for measuring the free sulfhydryl content in proteins, peptides, and tissues.

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 3

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable

ppe

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves


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Venkaiah Betapudi et al.
Science translational medicine, 12(527) (2020-01-24)
Chemical warfare nerve agents are organophosphorus chemical compounds that induce cholinergic crisis, leaving little or no time for medical intervention to prevent death. The current chemical treatment regimen may prevent death but does not prevent postexposure complications such as brain
Anne Bertling et al.
Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology, 32(8), 1979-1990 (2012-04-28)
Staphylococcus aureus can induce platelet aggregation. The rapidity and degree of this correlates with the severity of disseminated intravascular coagulation, and depends on platelet peptidoglycans. Surface-located thiol isomerases play an important role in platelet activation. The staphylococcal extracellular adherence protein
Reassessment of Ellman's reagent.
P W Riddles et al.
Methods in enzymology, 91, 49-60 (1983-01-01)
Christian K Riener et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 373(4-5), 266-276 (2002-07-12)
Since its introduction in 1959, Ellman's reagent (5,5'-dithio-bis(2-nitrobenzoic acid)) has been the favorite reagent for spectrophotometric measurement of protein sulfhydryls. Meanwhile however, evidence has accumulated that many protein sulfhydryls give an incomplete reaction with Ellman's reagent, even during prolonged assay
Ellman's reagent: 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid)--a reexamination.
P W Riddles et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 94(1), 75-81 (1979-04-01)

Protocols

To measure chloramphenicol acetyltransferase activity, this procedure uses DTNB and coenzyme A. The reaction of DTNB with the –SH group on CoA results in a colorimetric increase at 412 nm.

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