4′,6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride

powder, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, ≥98% (HPLC and TLC), suitable for fluorescence

2-(4-Amidinophenyl)-6-indolecarbamidine dihydrochloride, DAPI dihydrochloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C16H15N5 · 2HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

product line



≥98% (HPLC and TLC)




cell culture | mammalian: suitable


H2O: 20 mg/mL (Heat or sonication may be required. Solutions stored in the dark at room temperature or 4 °C should be stable for 2 to 3 weeks.)
PBS: insoluble

ε (extinction coefficient)

30 at 263 nm in H2O


λex 340 nm; λem 488 nm (nur DAPI)
λex 364 nm; λem 454 nm (DAPI-DNA-Komplex)


suitable for fluorescence

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

4′,6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride is a fluorescent dye for staining DNA. It strongly interacts with the dAT-rich (deoxy adenine-thymine) regions of the DNA.


4′,6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride has been used in staining of various cells in immunocytochemistry and cytochemistry, human subcutaneous adipose tissues for fluorescence imaging, embryo sections for immunofluorescence.
DAPI is several times more sensitive than ethidium bromide for staining DNA in agarose gels. It may be used for photofootprinting of DNA, to detect annealed probes in blotting applications by specifically visualizing the double-stranded complex, and to study the changes in DNA and analyze DNA content during apoptosis using flow cytometry. DAPI staining has also been shown to be a sensitive and specific detection method for mycoplasma.


1, 5, 10 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cell permeable fluorescent minor groove-binding probe for DNA. Binds to the minor groove of double-stranded DNA (preferentially to AT rich DNA), forming a stable complex which fluoresces approximately 20 times greater than DAPI alone.


Protect from light.


Exclamation mark

Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Behavior of mesenchymal stem cells stained with 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride (DAPI) in osteogenic and non osteogenic cultures
Ocarino N M, et al.
Biocell, 32(2), 175-183 (2008)
Endogenous Nodal signaling regulates germ cell potency during mammalian testis development
Spiller C M, et al.
Development, 139(22), 4123-4132 (2012)
Flavivirus NS4A-induced autophagy protects cells against death and enhances virus replication
McLean J E, et al.
Test, 286(25), 22147-22159 (2011)
IFATS collection: Human adipose tissue-derived stem cells induce angiogenesis and nerve sprouting following myocardial infarction, in conjunction with potent preservation of cardiac function
Cai L, et al.
Stem Cells, 27(1), 230-237 (2009)
Interaction of 4?-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole to nucleic acids, and its implication to their template activity in RNA-polymerase reaction of E. coli bacteria and of friend-virus infected mouse spleen
Mildner B, et al.
Cancer letters, 4(2), 89-98 (1978)
Detect mycoplasma contamination in cell cultures three ways: culture test, DNA stain test, or mycoplasma PCR test. Mycoplasma elimination kits rid cultures of contamination.
Read More
Detect mycoplasma contamination in cell cultures three ways: culture test, DNA stain test, or mycoplasma PCR test. Mycoplasma elimination kits rid cultures of contamination.
Read More

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