MilliporeSigma
All Photos(4)

D9163

Sigma-Aldrich

DL-Dithiothreitol

suitable for electrophoresis, ≥99%

Synonym(s):
threo-1,4-Dimercapto-2,3-butanediol, DTT, Cleland’s reagent
Linear Formula:
HSCH2CH(OH)CH(OH)CH2SH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
154.25
Beilstein:
1719757
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NB.22

Quality Level

assay

≥99%

form

powder

reaction suitability

reagent type: reductant

technique(s)

electrophoresis: suitable

mp

40-44 °C
41-44 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to very faintly yellow

cation traces

heavy metals (as Pb): ≤10 ppm

absorption

≤0.04 at 280 at 0.02 M

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

O[C@H](CS)[C@H](O)CS

InChI

1S/C4H10O2S2/c5-3(1-7)4(6)2-8/h3-8H,1-2H2/t3-,4-/m1/s1

InChI key

VHJLVAABSRFDPM-QWWZWVQMSA-N

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Packaging

1, 5, 25 g in poly bottle

Application

An excellent reagent for maintaining SH groups in reduced state; quantitatively reduces disulfides. DTT is effective in sample buffers for reducing protein disulfide bonds prior to SDS-PAGE. DTT can also be used for reducing the disulfide bridge of the cross-linker N,N′-bis(acryloyl)cystamine to break apart the matrix of a polyacrylamide gel. DTT is less pungent and is less toxic than 2-mercaptoethanol. Typically, a seven fold lower concentration of DTT (100 mM) is needed than is used for 2-mercaptoethanol (5% v/v, 700 mM).

Analysis Note

Tested for use in reduced SDS-PAGE

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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Cell reports, 30(4), 1077-1087 (2020-01-30)
The gastrointestinal tract is covered by a single layer of epithelial cells that, together with the mucus layers, protect the underlying tissue from microbial invasion. The epithelium has one of the highest turnover rates in the body. Using stable isotope
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To describe the clinical syndrome of 4 new patients with seizure-related 6 homolog like 2 antibodies (SEZ6L2-abs), study the antibody characteristics, and evaluate their effects on neuronal cultures. SEZ6L2-abs were initially identified in serum and CSF of a patient with
Baoyi Zhu et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 235(10), 7370-7382 (2020-02-11)
Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are characterized by a high degree of phenotypic plasticity. Contractile differentiation is governed by myocardin-related transcription factors (MRTFs), in particular myocardin (MYOCD), and when their drive is lost, the cells become proliferative and synthetic with an
Florentina Negoita et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 508(3), 775-779 (2018-12-12)
Dysregulation of autophagy has been observed in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2), a member of the AMPK-related kinase family, is downregulated in adipocytes from obese or insulin resistant individuals and was previously demonstrated to regulate autophagy
Jin-Gu Lee et al.
Nature communications, 4, 1568-1568 (2013-03-07)
In eukaryotes, deubiquitinases (DUBs) remove ubiquitin conjugates from diverse substrates, altering their stabilities, localizations or activities. Here we show that many DUBs of the USP and UCH subfamilies can be reversibly inactivated upon oxidation by reactive oxygen species in vitro

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