≥90% (HPLC)

(−)-cis-3,3′,4′,5,7-Pentahydroxyflavane, (2R,3R)-2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dihydro-1(2H)-benzopyran-3,5,7-triol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


≥90% (HPLC)




240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

SMILES string




InChI key


Gene Information

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Related Categories

General description

(−)-Epicatechin (EC) belongs to the group of flavanols and is abundantly present in cacao and cacao products. The chemical structure of EC includes an oxygenated heterocycle with a 4-hydroxyl group linked with two aromatic rings.


(−)-Epicatechin (EC) has been used:
  • as an antioxidant to downregulate nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate hydrogen (NADPH) oxidase and improve insulin sensitivity in in vivo (high fat-fed mice) and in vitro (HepG2 cells) studies
  • to study its effect on blood pressure, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity and anxiety-like behavior on borderline hypertensive rat (BHR) models
  • to test its effect on neuronal survival in the hippocampus of middle-aged rats on swimming training, under oxidative stress
  • to study its antioxidant activity in dark chocolate
  • as a characteristic compound in polyphenols analysis


1, 5 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Epicatechin enhances the skeletal muscle structure in heart failure patients and minimizes cardiometabolic risks. It can be used for treating sarcopenia. Epicatechin reduces myostatin and β-galactosidase and increases the level of markers of muscle growth.


Exclamation mark

Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Effects of (-)-epicatechin on molecular modulators of skeletal muscle growth and differentiation
Gutierrez-Salmean G, et al.
The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 25(1), 91-94 (2014)
Effect of dark chocolate on plasma epicatechin levels, DNA resistance to oxidative stress and total antioxidant activity in healthy subjects
Spadafranca A, et al.
The British Journal of Nutrition, 103(7), 1008-1014 (2010)
Michal Kluknavsky et al.
Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 9(2) (2020-01-26)
This study investigated the effects of (-)-epicatechin (Epi) in young male borderline hypertensive rats (BHR) during two weeks of treatment (Epi group, 100 mg/kg/day p.o.) and two weeks post treatment (PE group). Epi reduced blood pressure (BP), which persisted for...
S Abhijit et al.
Experimental gerontology, 101, 101-112 (2017-11-28)
The present study explored the effects of swimming training and grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) on neuronal survival in the hippocampus (HC) of middle-aged rats along with oxidative stress (OS) parameters. Further, the bioavailability of the GSPE, catechin, epicatechin and...
Polyphenols, radical scavenger activity, short-chain organic acids and heavy metals of several plants extracts from ?Bucharest Delta?
Teodor ED, et al.
Chemical Papers, 69(12), 1582-1590 (2015)
Antioxidants protect biological systems from oxidative damage produced by oxygen-containing free radicals and from redoxactive transition metal ions such as iron, copper, and cadmium.
Read More
Related Content
DISCOVER Bioactive Small Molecules for Nitric Oxide & Cell Stress Research
Read More

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon


Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.