E4268

Sigma-Aldrich

(−)-Epigallocatechin gallate

≥80% (HPLC), from green tea

Synonym(s):
(−)-cis-3,3′,4′,5,5′,7-Hexahydroxy-flavane-3-gallate, EGCG, (−)-cis-2-(3,4,5-Trihydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dihydro-1(2H)-benzopyran-3,5,7-triol 3-gallate
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C22H18O11
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
458.37
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.79

Quality Level

biological source

green tea

assay

≥80% (HPLC)

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

Oc1cc(O)c2C[C@@H](OC(=O)c3cc(O)c(O)c(O)c3)[C@H](Oc2c1)c4cc(O)c(O)c(O)c4

InChI

1S/C22H18O11/c23-10-5-12(24)11-7-18(33-22(31)9-3-15(27)20(30)16(28)4-9)21(32-17(11)6-10)8-1-13(25)19(29)14(26)2-8/h1-6,18,21,23-30H,7H2/t18-,21-/m1/s1

InChI key

WMBWREPUVVBILR-WIYYLYMNSA-N

Gene Information

human ... CYP1A2(1544)

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General description

(−)-Epigallocatechin gallate, is a bioactive component of green tea accounting for 50-80% of the total catechin content.

Application

(−)-Epigallocatechin gallate has been used as:
  • a potential neuroprotective agent to test its protective effect against spinal cord injury and blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) leakage
  • an effective antioxidant against light-induced photoreceptor degeneration in mice retina
  • an antioxidant in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and reduces oxidative damage and changes circadian rhythms in pigmented heterozygous P23H rat
  • to test its reversal effect on Diastolic dysfunction in restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) mice
  • an anti-cancer agent in colorectal cancer in mice

Packaging

100 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

(−)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) comprises eight -hydroxyl (OH) groups that determine its high antioxidant property. Other than being an efficient free oxygen radical scavenger, it also acts as a good chelating agent and a modulator of important transcription factors, namely nuclear factor-kappa β (NF-kβ). EGEC is proven to be an efficient anti-obesity agent by increasing energy expenditure, fat oxidation, and lowering appetite in humans. EGCG also acts as an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective agent in the initial stages of ischemia and spinal cord injury. It reduces caveolin-1 expression, maintaining blood-brain barrier integrity and downregulating pro-inflammatory cytokines.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. E4268.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Pictograms

Exclamation markEnvironment

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

hazcat

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

CONSUMPTION OF GREEN TEA OR ITS DERIVATIVE CATECHIN MAY IMPROVE NEURAL REGENERATION IN A RAT SPINAL CORD INJURY MODEL
AKDA? R, et al.,
The Journal of Turkish Spinal Surgery, 31(3), 170-170 (2020)
Shounan Qi et al.
Molecular vision, 23, 171-178 (2017-05-02)
(-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a major catechin component of green tea, is reported to delay or prevent certain forms of cancer, arthritis, cardiovascular disease, and neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we determined if systemically administered EGCG could protect the retina against light...
Xiaoqin Wang et al.
Journal of biomedical science, 23(1), 51-51 (2016-06-30)
Diastolic dysfunction refers to an impaired relaxation and an abnormality in a heart's filling during diastole while left ventricular systolic function is preserved. Diastolic dysfunction is commonly observed in patients with primary hypertension, diabetes and cardiomyopathies such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy...
Tia M Rains et al.
The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 22(1), 1-7 (2010-12-01)
Green tea catechins (GTC) are polyphenolic compounds present in the unfermented dried leaves of the plant, Camellia sinensis. Results from a number of randomized, controlled intervention trials have shown that consumption of GTC (270 mg to 1200 mg/day) may reduce...
Tea polyphenols-their antioxidant properties and biological activity-a review
Gramza A, et al.,
Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, 14(3), 219-219 (2005)
Articles
Antioxidants protect biological systems from oxidative damage produced by oxygen-containing free radicals and from redoxactive transition metal ions such as iron, copper, and cadmium.
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