F2442

Sigma-Aldrich

Fetal Bovine Serum

USA origin, sterile-filtered, suitable for cell culture, suitable for hybridoma

Synonym(s):
FCS, serum, FBS, sera
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32160409
NACRES:
NA.71

Quality Level

biological source

bovine fetus

sterility

sterile-filtered

product line

FBS Classic

composition

Bovine IgG, ≤1 mg/mL
Hemoglobin, ≤20 mg/dL

origin

USA origin

application(s)

cell culture | hybridoma: suitable
cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

≤10 EU/mL endotoxin

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

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General description

Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS) is a complex mixture with low and high molecular weight biomolecules exhibiting optimal growth-enhancing and growth-suppressing functions. FBS contains molecules, such as growth factors, proteins, vitamins, trace elements, hormones etc. These molecules are important for the growth and maintenance of cells. It is a common supplement for cell culture media. FBS is derived from the calf blood. It is devoid of fibrin and clotting factors. Heat inactivation of FBS blocks the complement system. FBS derived from clotted blood is the most widely used undefined supplement in eukaryotic, especially mammalian, cell culture. It is typically used with the classical media that were developed in the 1950s and 1960s. These include many popular media such as Minimum Essential Medium (MEM), Dulbecco′s Modified Eagles Media (DME, DMEM); Iscove′s Modified Eagles Medium (IMDM), M199 and Roswell Park Memorial Institute medium, RPMI-1640.

Application

Fetal Bovine Serum has also been used as a component of:
  • perivascular-resident macrophage-like melanocytes (PVM/M) growth medium
  • synthetic oviduct fluid (SOF)
  • Eagle′s minimum essential medium (EMEM)
  • neurobasal medium
  • Hyclone McCoys 5 A medium
  • Hanks medium

Biochem/physiol Actions

FBS remains a popular media supplement because it provides a wide array of functions in cell culture. FBS delivers nutrients, growth and attachment factors and protects cells from oxidative damage and apoptosis by mechanisms that are difficult to reproduce in serum-free media (SFM) systems.

Analysis Note

  • Endotoxin and hemoglobin tested
  • Tested for the presence of bacteria, virus, and mycoplasma
  • Triple filtered with 0.1 micron membrane under aseptic conditions

Other Notes

Tested for the presence of bacteria, virus, mycoplasma, endotoxin and for hemoglobin content. Triple filtered with 0.1 micron membrane under aseptic conditions.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

  1. What is the level of growth factors in Fetal Bovine Serum, Product F2442?

    Sigma Aldrich does not determine the levels of growth factors (such as TGF beta, VEGF, EGF, PDGF, or FGF) for serum with reduced levels of growth factors and plasma derived serum.

  2. Is Fetal Bovine Serum, Product F2442, available as a charcoal stripped, de-lipidated serum?

    We offer Product No. F6765 (Fetal Bovine Serum, charcoal stripped). The charcoal stripping decreases the levels of hormones; it may also decrease the levels of lipids. If further reduction of lipid levels is required, you may need to treat the serum with fumed silica (e.g. Product No. S5130). Use 20 grams of S5130 per Liter of serum (not plasma). It is mixed for 3-4 hours, then centrifuged in 1 L containers for about 15 minutes at 2000 xg. The supernatant can then be decanted, and filtered if desired. NOTE: Silica is extremely fluffy, and care must be taken not to inhale its dust. Allow for about 15% loss of the serum due to adsorption.

  3. How is Fetal Bovine Serum, Product F2442, cell culture tested?

    Biological performance is assessed using Sigma cell culture medium supplemented with the serum and tested at a final concentration of 10%. Seeding efficiency, doubling time, and final cell density are measured on appropriate cell lines. Growth studies are carried through two subculture generations and cell growth is plotted as a logarithmic function of time in culture. During the testing period, cultures are examined microscopically for atypical morphology and evidence of cytotoxicity. Hybridoma -tested serum has been shown to support mouse myeloma cells and hybridoma cells in culture.

  4. What is the cloning assay performed on Fetal Bovine Serum, Product F2442?

    The cloning efficiency assay is performed on each lot of FBS to verify that each lot will support clonal growth of myeloma cells and/or fusion products. The assay is performed using 5% and 10% concentrations of the FBS.

  5. What is the difference between Fetal Bovine Serum F2442 and 12103C?

    Product No. 12103C meets most of the specifications of F2442.  Both products are from the same raw material suppliers and undergo the same stringent testing prior to release. However, the F2442 has been use-tested in hybridoma culture, whereas 12103C has not.

  6. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  7. Are all Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS) products heat inactivated?

    Not all Fetal Bovine Serum products are heat inactivated. Product numbers F4135 and 12306C are heat-inactivated FBS.

  8. There is a precipitate in my serum.  Is my serum contaminated?

    Precipitates in serum can often appear as large round bodies, even as doublets per microscopic exam. This can be mistaken as a yeast contamination. Brownian motion may be mistaken for motility. These are lipid aggregates that will be readily dissolved when exposed to lipase. Also, these particles will not gram stain or show any growth in culture on aerobic, anaerobic, or fungal media and culture conditions. The performance of the material is not effected. Centrifugation or filtration of small volumes will remove these particles.

  9. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  10. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

Inhibiting tyrosine phosphorylation of protein kinase Cd (PKCd) protects the salivary gland from radiation damage.
Wie SM et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 289, 10900-10900 (2014)
Axenic Procyclic Culture of L. tropica and L. donovani in Culture of FBS-free Medium
Mosa FM, et al.
Ife Journal of Science, 4B, 3088-3093 (2015)
MENT, a heterochromatin protein that mediates higher order chromatin folding, is a new serpin family member.
Grigoryev SA et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274, 5626-5626 (1999)
Optimization of chemically defined cell culture media--replacing fetal bovine serum in mammalian in vitro methods.
van der Valk J et al.
Toxicology in vitro, 24, 1053-1053 (2010)
Nicholas R Meyerson et al.
PLoS pathogens, 14(3), e1006906-e1006906 (2018-03-09)
HIV-1 arose as the result of spillover of simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs) from great apes in Africa, namely from chimpanzees and gorillas. Chimpanzees and gorillas were, themselves, infected with SIV after virus spillover from African monkeys. During spillover events, SIV...
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