This IMDM differs from the original formula, because it is supplemented with L-alanyl-L-glutamine dipeptide. Glutamine is notoriously unstable in cell culture. This dipeptide provides a more stable form of glutamine for use in cell cultures.
Guilbert and Iscove demonstrated that precursor cells of erythrocytes and macrophages could be cultured in a totally defined serum free medium supplemented with albumin, transferrin, lecithin, and selenium. This medium is a modification of Dulbecco¢s Modified Eagle¢s Medium (DME) containing selenium, additional amino acids and vitamins, sodium pyruvate, HEPES buffer, and potassium nitrate instead of ferric nitrate. Further studies demonstrated that Iscove¢s Medium would support murine B lymphocytes, hemopoietic tissue from bone marrow, B cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide, T lymphocytes, and a variety of hybrid cells.