Glycogen from bovine liver


Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:

Quality Level

biological source

bovine liver





storage temp.




InChI key


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General description

Glycogen is a branched polymer of glucose synthesized by animal cells for energy storage and release. It is constructed of predominantly α1→4 glycosidic bonds with branches created through α1→6 glycosidic bonds.


Glycogen from bovine liver may be used in carbohydrate storage and metabolism research and to study various enzymes such as alpha-glucosidase(s) (GAA) and glycogen phosphorylase(s) (GPase). Glycogen may be used as a substrate to identify and characterize its metabolizing enzymes.


1, 5, 10, 25 g in poly bottle

Preparation Note

Prepared by a modification of the procedure of Bell, et al., Biochem. J., 28, 882 (1934).


13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

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    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. What are glycogens?  

    Per Biochemistry, Lehninger ed., 2nd ed, p. 266: A general description of glycogens is: A polymer of alpha (1->4) linked D-Glucose with alpha (1->6) branching at about ever 8 to 12 glucose residues. The molecular weight for bovine source is not mentioned, but glycogen in general is 270,000-3.5 million.

  6. What is the solubility of Product G0885, Glycogen from Bovine Liver?

    Sigma routinely tests the solubility in water at 50 mg/mL, yielding a hazy solution. In general, glycogens are soluble in water with opalescence and insoluble in alcohol.

  7. What is the specific rotation of Product G0885, Glycogen from Bovine Liver?

    The specific rotation of this product is +196° to +197°.

  8. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

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Istvan Katona et al.
Orphanet journal of rare diseases, 9, 17-17 (2014-02-06)
Glycogenosis type II or Pompe disease is an autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to mutations in the gene encoding acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA), an enzyme required for lysosomal glycogen degradation. The disease predominantly affects the skeletal and respiratory muscles but there...
Hernán Javier Sacristán et al.
PloS one, 12(9), e0184060-e0184060 (2017-09-09)
In food deprivation assays, several different responses have been observed in crustaceans. However, studying energy reserves utilization among more than one species during the same starvation period has not yet been performed, particularly to discern whether the responses are due...
Dang Hai Dang Nguyen et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 196(11), 1941-1949 (2014-03-13)
We studied the activity of a debranching enzyme (TreX) from Sulfolobus solfataricus on glycogen-mimic substrates, branched maltotetraosyl-β-cyclodextrin (Glc₄-β-CD), and natural glycogen to better understand substrate transglycosylation and the effect thereof on glycogen debranching in microorganisms. The validation test of Glc₄-β-CD...
Qi Zhang et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1306, 97-103 (2013-08-06)
In this paper, two novel amino acid chiral ILs, tetramethylammonium-l-arginine (TMA-l-Arg) and tetramethylammonium-l-aspartic acid (TMA-l-Asp), were applied for the first time in CE enantioseparation to evaluate their potential synergistic effect with glycogen as chiral selector. As observed, significantly improved separation...
Rathishri Chandurvelan et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 140-141, 303-313 (2013-07-24)
The biochemical responses of the green-lipped mussel, Perna canaliculus, to waterborne cadmium (Cd) were investigated in order to delineate toxic mechanisms, and the impacts of exposure dose and duration, of this important toxicant in a potential sentinel species. Mussels were...
Glucose metabolism is regulated by the opposing actions of insulin and glucagon. Insulin is released from pancreatic ß cells in response to high blood glucose levels and regulates glucose metabolism through its actions on muscle, liver, and adipose tissue.
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