All Photos(1)

G1397

Sigma-Aldrich

Gentamicin solution

50 mg/mL in deionized water, liquid, 0.1 μm filtered, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture

CAS Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
42020823
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.76

Quality Level

biological source

microbial

sterility

0.1 μm filtered

product line

BioReagent

form

liquid

potency

50-60 mg per mL

concentration

50 mg/mL in deionized water

application(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

endotoxin, tested

color

colorless to light yellow

density

1.000 g/cm3

Mode of action

protein synthesis | interferes

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-positive bacteria
mycoplasma

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

OS(O)(=O)=O.CN[C@@H]1[C@@H](O)[C@H](OC[C@]1(C)O)O[C@H]2[C@H](N)C[C@H](N)[C@@H](O[C@H]3O[C@H](CN)CC[C@H]3N)[C@@H]2O.CN[C@@H]4[C@@H](O)[C@H](OC[C@]4(C)O)O[C@H]5[C@H](N)C[C@H](N)[C@@H](O[C@H]6O[C@@H](CC[C@H]6N)[C@@H](C)N)[C@@H]5O.CN[C@H](C)[C@@H]7CC[C@@H](N)[C@H](O7)O[C@@H]8[C@@H](N)C[C@@H](N)[C@H](O[C@H]9OC[C@](C)(O)[C@H](NC)[C@H]9O)[C@H]8O

InChI

1S/C21H43N5O7.C20H41N5O7.C19H39N5O7.H2O4S/c1-9(25-3)13-6-5-10(22)19(31-13)32-16-11(23)7-12(24)17(14(16)27)33-20-15(28)18(26-4)21(2,29)8-30-20;1-8(21)12-5-4-9(22)18(30-12)31-15-10(23)6-11(24)16(13(15)26)32-19-14(27)17(25-3)20(2,28)7-29-19;1-19(27)7-28-18(13(26)16(19)24-2)31-15-11(23)5-10(22)14(12(15)25)30-17-9(21)4-3-8(6-20)29-17;1-5(2,3)4/h9-20,25-29H,5-8,22-24H2,1-4H3;8-19,25-28H,4-7,21-24H2,1-3H3;8-18,24-27H,3-7,20-23H2,1-2H3;(H2,1,2,3,4)/t9-,10-,11+,12-,13+,14+,15-,16-,17+,18-,19-,20-,21+;8-,9-,10+,11-,12+,13+,14-,15-,16+,17-,18-,19-,20+;8-,9+,10-,11+,12-,13+,14+,15-,16+,17+,18+,19-;/m110./s1

InChI key

RDEIXVOBVLKYNT-HDZPSJEVSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

Related Categories

General description

Gentamicin, also known as gentiomycin C, is an aminoglycoside, which is naturally produced by Gram-negative bacteria. This antibiotic functions by preventing protein synthesis. Gentamicin sulfate prevents the growth of both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, in vivo and in vitro. In tissue culture, gentamicin sulfate is used to inhibit the growth of various strains of mycoplasma.

Application

Gentamicin solution has been used as an antibiotic component in eukaryotic cell culture and bacterial culture.
Gentamicin sulfate is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used as a selection agent (gentamicin-resistance gene) in molecular biology and cell culture applications. This product is formulated to contain 50 mg/mL Gentamicin in deionized water and is recommended for use in eukaryotic cell culture at a volume of 1 milliliter per liter.
Gentamicin sulfate solution has been used as a component of different types of culture media.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Gentamicin is recommended for treating sepsis during emergency treatment. It is an alternate to ceftriaxone for treating genital infection.
Mode of Action: Gentamicin inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the 30S subunit of the ribosome.

Antimicrobial spectrum: Includes Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, including strains resistant to tetracycline, chloramphenicol, kanamycin and colistin, particularly strains of Pseudomonas, Proteus, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus.

Components

Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside complex produced by fermentation of Micromonospora purpurea or M. echinospora. It is used as the sulfate salt. There are three components, each consisting of five basic nitrogens and requiresing five equivalents of sulfuric acid per mole of gentamicin base.

Caution

The product is stable at 37° for 5 days and is stored at 2-8°C.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

J Cummings et al.
British journal of cancer, 92(3), 532-538 (2005-02-03)
The inhibitor of apoptosis protein, XIAP, is frequently overexpressed in chemoresistant human tumours. An antisense oligonucleotide (AEG 35156/GEM 640) that targets XIAP has recently entered phase I trials in the UK. Method validation data are presented on three pharmacodynamic assays...
Gentamicin compared with ceftriaxone for the treatment of gonorrhoea (G-ToG): a randomised non-inferiority trial
Ross JDC, et al.
Lancet, e0210012-e0210012 (2019)
Improving peak concentrations of a single dose regime of gentamicin in patients with sepsis in the emergency department
Cobussen M, et al.
PLoS ONE, 14(1), e0210012-e0210012 (2019)
Rui Kang et al.
Cell host & microbe, 24(1), 97-108 (2018-06-26)
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition caused by pathogen infection and associated with pyroptosis. Pyroptosis occurs upon activation of proinflammatory caspases and their subsequent cleavage of gasdermin D (GSDMD), resulting in GSDMD N-terminal fragments that form membrane pores to induce cell...
David E Swayne
International journal of food microbiology, 108(2), 268-271 (2006-02-17)
A precise, reproducible microassay was developed to measure thermal inactivation of high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) virus in chicken meat. Small pieces of breast or thigh meat (0.05 g) from chickens infected with A/chicken/Pennsylvania/1370/1983 (H5N2) (PA/83) or A/chicken/Korea/ES/2003 (H5N1) (Korea/03)...

Articles

Human Renal Proximal Tubule Epithelial Cells (RPTEC) as an Essential Advanced Model to Express Kidney Drug Transporters and Toxicity

Human renal proximal tubule epithelial cells (RPTECs) are commonly used to predict human renal drug permeability and to investigate drug efflux. We have generated transporter knockout (KO) cell lines using CompoZr® Zinc Finger Nuclease (ZFN) technology in a proprietary renal proximal tubule epithelial cell line.

Antibiotic Kill Curve

Antibiotic kill curve is a dose response experiment in which mammalian cells are subjected to increasing amounts of selection antibiotic

Related Content

ATP Testing & Sanitation

MVP Icon™ determines ATP on surfaces in hospitals, medical institutions and public places to assess cleaning and disinfection effectiveness

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service