G5516

Sigma-Aldrich

Glycerol

for molecular biology, ≥99.0%

Synonym(s):
1,2,3-Propanetriol, Glycerin
Linear Formula:
HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
92.09
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
635685
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.31

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology
reagent

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.0%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

698 °F

application(s)

MALDI-MS: suitable

refractive index

n20/D 1.474 (lit.)

pH

5.5-8

bp

182 °C/20 mmHg (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

density

1.25 g/mL (lit.)

cation traces

Fe: ≤5 ppm
Mg: ≤5 ppm
heavy metals (as Pb): <5 ppm

foreign activity

DNase, RNase, NICKase, and protease, none detected

SMILES string

OCC(O)CO

InChI

1S/C3H8O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3-6H,1-2H2

InChI key

PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Looking for similar products? Visit Product Comparison Guide

General description

Glycerol is odourless, colorless, viscous in nature, and exists as a sweet tasting liquid. It can be derived naturally as well as from petrochemical feedstock. Glycerol has a wide variety of applications, and is one of the most valuable and versatile chemical substances in nature. It can be used as an emollient, solvent, sweetening agent, in pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetics, foodstuffs and toiletries. It is very stable and can be easily stored under normal temperature; also it is non-irritating and has no adverse impact to the environment.

Application

Glycerol is used both in sample preparation and gel formation for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Glycerol (5-10%) increases the density of a sample so that the sample will layer at the bottom of a gel′s sample well. Glycerol is also used to aid in casting gradient gels and as a protein stabilizer and storage buffer component.
Glycerol has been used as:
  • A supplement during cell culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium.
  • A fuel during designing enzymatic biofuel cell.
  • A liquid composite matrix with 4-HCCA and 3-amino­quinoline for analysis of neutral and acidic glycans.
  • A matrix for fast atom bombardment MS.
  • May be employed as liquid matrix for the quantification studies by MALDI (Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry) analysis.
Glycerol is used both in sample preparation and gel formation for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Glycerol (5-10%) increases the density of a sample so that the sample will layer at the bottom of a gel′s sample well. Glycerol is also used to aid in casting gradient gels and as a protein stabilizer and storage buffer component.

Packaging

1, 4 L in poly bottle
100, 500 mL in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycerol is hygroscopic in nature and is soluble in water owing to its three hydrophilic alcoholic hydroxyl groups. It can form both inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bonds, making it a very flexible molecule. The physiologic effect of glycerine is due to cell-mediated immunity, increased IgG production and increased histamine release.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

390.2 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Flash Point(C)

199 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. What is the viscosity of glycerol?

    The viscosity of glycerol is 648 Centistokes at 20 Deg C (68 Deg F).

  6. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

  7. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Development of glycerol/O 2 biofuel cell
Arechederra, Robert L., Becky L. Treu, and Shelley D. Minteer
Journal of Power Sources, 173 (1), 156-161 (2007)
Comparison of the sensitivities of various derivatives of oligosaccharides in LC/MS with fast atom bombardment and electrospray ionization interfaces
Suzuki, Shigeo, Kazuaki Kakehi, and Susumu Honda
Analytical Chemistry, 68 (13) , 2073-2083 (1996)
Ionic-liquid matrices for quantitative analysis by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry
Li, Ying L., and Michael L. Gross
Journal of the American Society For Mass Spectrometry, 15 (12), 1833-1837 (2004)
Analysis of native milk oligosaccharides directly from thin-layer chromatography plates by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization orthogonal-time-of-flight mass spectrometry with a glycerol matrix
Dreisewerd, Klaus, et al
Journal of the American Society For Mass Spectrometry, 17(2) , 139-150 (2006)
Microplate alamar blue assay versus BACTEC 460 system for high-throughput screening of compounds against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium
Collins, L., and Scott G. Franzblau
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 41 (5), 1004-1009 (1997)
Articles
Technical Article on yeast media. Yeasts are eukaryotic microorganisms whose genomes have been comprehensively studied and some have been sequenced.
Read More
Protocols
Calcium phosphate transfection is a common method for the introduction of DNA into eukaryotic cells. This protocol can be optimized for use with a wide variety of cell types.
Read More
Yeasts are considered model systems for eukaryotic studies as they exhibit fast growth and have dispersed cells. Yeast cultures can be grown, maintained, and stored in liquid media or on agar plates using techniques similar to those for bacterial cultures.
Read More

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.