G6025

Sigma-Aldrich

Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate ammonium salt

solution, ≥95% (TLC), ~1 mg/mL in methanol: NH4OH (7:3)

Synonym(s):
GGPP, all trans-3,7,11,15-Tetramethyl-2,6,10,14-hexadecatetraenyl pyrophosphate ammonium salt
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C20H36O7P2 · xNH3
Molecular Weight:
450.44 (free acid basis)
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

assay

≥95% (TLC)

form

solution

packaging

vial of 200 μg

concentration

~1 mg/mL in methanol: NH4OH (7:3)

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

C\C(C)=C\CC\C(C)=C\CC\C(C)=C\CC\C(C)=C\COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O

InChI

1S/C20H36O7P2/c1-17(2)9-6-10-18(3)11-7-12-19(4)13-8-14-20(5)15-16-26-29(24,25)27-28(21,22)23/h9,11,13,15H,6-8,10,12,14,16H2,1-5H3,(H,24,25)(H2,21,22,23)/b18-11+,19-13+,20-15+

InChI key

OINNEUNVOZHBOX-QIRCYJPOSA-N

Application

Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate ammonium salt has been used:
  • in the preparation of 2.5X reaction buffer for Rab GGTase assay
  • to add to the culture to further drive Hmg2 degradation
  • as a substrate to carryout in vitro enzymatic assays for the characterization of the prenyltransferases
  • to reverse the action of lovastatin and also used to examine the potential role of GGPP in the study to assess the effects of exposing the melanoma cell lines in the angiogenesis model as a co-culture to lovastatin in vitro

Packaging

5 vials in serum bottle
1 vial in serum bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP) is a major enzyme that participates in the secondary metabolism of chloroplast. GGPP synthase plays a key role in the biosynthesis of terpenoid. Protein geranylgeranylation, mediated by geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate participates in the development of the ventricular chamber. It also serves as a stage-specific signal to modulate the formation of cardiac cytoarchitecture the time of mid-gestation.
Isoprenoid from the intracellular mevalonate pathway used for prenylation of several low molecular weight G proteins, including Ras. Intermediate in terpene biosynthesis.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Cyclic Nucleotide research. Click here to discover more featured Cyclic Nucleotide products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. G6025.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Signal Word

Danger

Target Organs

Eyes

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Hazard Codes

F,T

Risk Statement

11-23/24/25-39/23/24/25

Safety Statement

16-36/37-45

RIDADR

UN1230 - class 3 - PG 2 - Methanol, solution

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

51.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

11 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Prenylation assays for small GTPases
Transmembrane signaling protocols, 251-260 (1998)
Irakli Loladze et al.
Molecular nutrition & food research, 63(15), e1801047-e1801047 (2019-06-30)
Plant and human tissues (e.g., leaves, retina) share the need for carotenoids to protect against light-induced and other oxidative stresses. While plants synthesize carotenoids de novo, humans must obtain them primarily through plant-based foods. In plants, elevated levels of atmospheric...
Introduction of the archaebacterial geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase gene into Chlamydomonas reinhardtii chloroplast
Fukusaki E I, et al.
Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 95(3), 283-287 (2003)
Konstantinos Vavitsas et al.
Microbial cell factories, 16(1), 140-140 (2017-08-16)
There are an increasing number of studies regarding genetic manipulation of cyanobacteria to produce commercially interesting compounds. The majority of these works study the expression and optimization of a selected heterologous pathway, largely ignoring the wholeness and complexity of cellular...
Christopher I Keeling et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(47), 18838-18843 (2013-10-30)
The mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins) is the most destructive pest of western North American pine forests. Adult males produce frontalin, an eight-carbon antiaggregation pheromone, via the mevalonate pathway, as part of several pheromones that initiate and modulate the...
Articles
Terpenes comprise the largest and most diverse class of secondary metabolites; approximately 55,000 compounds have been identified to date.
Read More
Related Content
Cyclic nucleotides, including cyclic AMP (cAMP), cyclic GMP (cGMP) and cyclic ADP-ribose, have been extensively studied as second messengers of intracellular events initiated by activation of GPCRs. cAMP modifies cell function in all eukaryotic cells, principally through the activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), but also through cAMP-gated ion channels and guanine nucleotide exchange factors directly activated by cAMP.
Read More

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon

MilliporeSigma

Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.