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G8162

Sigma-Aldrich

β-Glucuronidase from Escherichia coli

aqueous glycerol solution, ≥5,000,000 units/g protein, pH 6.8 (biuret)

Synonym(s):
β-D-Glucuronide glucuronosohydrolase
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.54

biological source

Escherichia coli

Quality Level

form

aqueous glycerol solution

specific activity

≥5,000,000 units/g protein, pH 6.8 (biuret)

mol wt

69-71 kDa

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

−20°C

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General description

β-Glucuronidase from Escherichia coli is similar to human glucuronidase enzyme and corresponds to molecular weight close to 69-71 kDa and has an pH optimum of 6.5-7.5. It belongs to family-2 glycosyl hydrolase and has active site residues glutamic acid 394, tyrosine 468 and glutamic acid 504.

Application

β-Glucuronidase from E. coli is used for the enzymatic hydrolysis of b-glucuronides in urine and other fluids. It has a high rate of hydrolytic activity and may be useful for determining the presence of androsterone, 17-hydroxycorticosteroids, and estriol in urine.
The optimal conditions for the enzymatic hydrolysis of α-hydroxytriazolam, one of the major metabolites of triazolam in human urine, were determined using β-glucuronidase Type IX-A.
It is used as a reporter gene in GUS assays to monitor gene expression.
β-Glucuronidase from Escherichia coli has been used in the enzymatic cleavage and activation of glucuronide prodrugs in non-small cell lung cancer cells, U87 human glioblastoma cell line, in A549 (human lung adenocarcinoma) and KB (human oral squamous carcinoma).
New Technical Article Comparing Performance of Different Enzymes
Learn more
about recent application data generated by Sigma R&D to optimize hydrolysis for different drug classes using enzymes from different sources and the use of a chromatographicaly purified enzyme to reduce the effect of esterase activity resulting in conversion of 6-MAM to Morphine
Effective in the hydrolysis of steroid glucuronides.
Used for the hydrolysis of glucuronide conjugates in urinary metabolite analysis

Packaging

25000 units in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

β-glucuronidase (β-GIc) is an exoglycosidase that catalyzes the breakdown of complex carbohydrates. In humans it converts conjugated bilirubin into the unconjugated form, making bilirubin suitable for reabsorption.
β-Glucuronidase catalyzes the hydrolysis of β-glucuronic acid residues from the non-reducing termini of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). β-Glucuronidase is a potential candidate enzyme for gene-mediated enzyme prodrug therapy for glucuronide prodrugs. Use of β-Glucuronidase-albumin complex based drug delivery could be an effective therapeutic methodology for treating solid tumors.

Unit Definition

One Sigma or modified Fishman unit will liberate 1.0 μg of phenolphthalein from phenolphthalein glucuronide per hr at 37 °C at the pH 6.8 (30 min assay).

Physical form

Highly purified solution in 50% glycerol

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

12 - Non Combustible Liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

More Documents

Quotes and Ordering

Articles

Evaluation of Different Enzymes on Hydrolysis Efficiencies of Glucuronide Drug Metabolites in Urine

β-glucuronidase (GUS) enzymes are utilized to hydrolyze glucuronide (gluc) drug metabolites to the parent drug, facilitating analysis by LC-MS/MS.

Probiotics and Human Health

Today, diverse studies report the benefits of probiotics, such as inhibitory effects on pathogens, aid in the management or prevention of chronic intestinal inflammatory diseases or atopic syndromes, and support to the immune system. Potential beneficial applications abound, researchers continue to evaluate the effictiveness and clarify the mechanisms of action of probiotics.

Protocols

Enzymatic Assay of β-Glucuronidase (EC 3.2.1.31) from E. coli

Objective: To standardize a procedure for the enzymatic assay of β-Glucuronidase.

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