5-(2,5-Dimethylphenoxy)-2,2-dimethylpentanoic acid, 2,2-Dimethyl-5-(2,5-dimethylphenoxy)pentanoic acid, 2,2-Dimethyl-5-(2,5-xylyloxy)valeric acid
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Gene Information

human ... PPARA(5465)

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General description

Gemfibrozil is a fibric acid derivative and a hypolipidemic drug. Gemfibrozil serves as a ligand for PPARα (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α).


Gemfibrozil has been used to to study its effects on cell cycle progression in yeast. It has been used to study the effects of fibrates on cell proliferation and gene expression in human cell lines.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Gemfibrozil selectively increases Apolipoprotein A-I levels. In yeast cells, application of gemfibrozil delays the start of DNA replication. It is used as a therapeutic agent for dyslipidemia.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. G9518.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.


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Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Katerina Cizkova et al.
Lipids in health and disease, 15(1), 164-164 (2016-09-24)
Fibrates are widely used hypolipidemic drugs, which serve as ligand of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα). Recently, they have also been considered as potential anticancer agents. We studied effect of fibrates treatment on cell proliferation, expression of CYP2J2 and concomitant...
Scott A Hoose et al.
PloS one, 7(5), e36503-e36503 (2012-05-09)
Screening chemical libraries to identify compounds that affect overall cell proliferation is common. However, in most cases, it is not known whether the compounds tested alter the timing of particular cell cycle transitions. Here, we evaluated an FDA-approved drug library...
Amir Qaseem et al.
Annals of internal medicine, 159(12), 835-847 (2013-10-23)
The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on the screening, monitoring, and treatment of adults with stage 1 to 3 chronic kidney disease. This guideline is based on a systematic...
Gianluca Miglio et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 167(3), 641-653 (2012-05-19)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists exert anti-albuminuric effects. However, the nephroprotective effects of these drugs remain to be fully understood. We have investigated whether gemfibrozil, GW0742 and pioglitazone protect human podocytes against nutrient deprivation (ND)-induced cell death and the role...
A M Filppula et al.
Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, 94(3), 383-393 (2013-05-10)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 is considered the most important enzyme in imatinib biotransformation. In a randomized, crossover study, 10 healthy subjects were administered gemfibrozil 600 mg or placebo twice daily for 6 days, and imatinib 200 mg on day 3, to study...
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