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≥99.5% (titration)

N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)piperazine-N′-(2-ethanesulfonic acid), 4-(2-Hydroxyethyl)piperazine-1-ethanesulfonic acid
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


≥99.5% (titration)


crystalline powder


cell culture | mammalian: suitable


5.0-6.5 (25 °C, 238 g/L)

useful pH range


pKa (25 °C)



water: 500 mg/mL, clear, colorless


diagnostic assay manufacturing

SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

HEPES has been described as one of the best all-purpose buffers available for biological research. At biological pH, the molecule is zwitterionic, and is effective as a buffer at pH 6.8 to 8.2. HEPES has been used in a wide variety of applications, including tissue culture. It is commonly used to buffer cell culture media in air. HEPES finds its usage in in vitro experiments on Mg.


HEPES has been used:
  • As a component in Danieau medium, which is used to prevent melanin pigment formation post gastrulation of zebra-fish embryo
  • As a component of Hanks′ solution used in the degradation testing of Iron
  • As a component of HEPES medium in the transfection of cell culture with plasmids
  • Along with RPMI-1640, L-glutamine, FBS, Sodium pyruvate and β-mercaptoethanol for the culturing of rat insulinoma cells
  • As a supplement in TCM199 medium for washing fresh oocytes required for nuclear transfer studies


5, 25, 50 kg in poly drum
25, 100, 250, 500 g in poly bottle
1 kg in poly bottle

Other Notes

Go to Redi-Dri Product Listing RDD002
Easily compare specifications for HEPES products with the HEPES specification table.

Legal Information

Redi-Dri is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. What is the purpose of using HEPES in cell culture?

    HEPES provides supplemental buffering for media in pH range of 7.2 to 7.6. It has no nutritional value to cells.

  6. What is the concentration of HEPES used in cell culture?

    HEPES is typically used in cell culture in the range of 10-25 mM.

  7. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Caveolae are highly immobile plasma membrane microdomains, which are not involved in constitutive endocytic trafficking.
Thomsen P, et al.
Molecular Biology of the Cell, 13(1), 238-250 (2002)
Electroformed pure iron as a new biomaterial for degradable stents: In vitro degradation and preliminary cell viability studies.
Moravej M, et al.
Acta Biomaterialia, 6(5), 1843-1851 (2010)
Culturing INS-1 cells on CDPGYIGSR-, RGD-and fibronectin surfaces improves insulin secretion and cell proliferation.
Kuehn C, et al.
Acta Biomaterialia, 8(2), 619-626 (2012)
Structural, metabolic and developmental evaluation of ovulated rabbit oocytes before and after cryopreservation by vitrification and slow freezing.
Salvetti P, et al.
Theriogenology, 74(5), 847-855 (2010)
High-resolution in situ hybridization to whole-mount zebrafish embryos.
Thisse C and Thisse B
Nature Protocols, 3(1), 59-69 (2008)


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