H4001

Sigma-Aldrich

Hydrocortisone

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
11β,17α,21-Trihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione, Cortisol, Reichstein’s substance M, 4-Pregnene-11β,17α,21-triol-3,20-dione, 17-Hydroxycorticosterone, Kendall’s compound F
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C21H30O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
362.46
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1354819
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic (organic)

sterility

non-sterile

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

application(s)

cell analysis: suitable

mp

211-214 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: 0.28 g/L at 25 °C

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

[H][C@@]12CCC3=CC(=O)CC[C@]3(C)[C@@]1([H])[C@@H](O)C[C@@]4(C)[C@@]2([H])CC[C@]4(O)C(=O)CO

InChI

1S/C21H30O5/c1-19-7-5-13(23)9-12(19)3-4-14-15-6-8-21(26,17(25)11-22)20(15,2)10-16(24)18(14)19/h9,14-16,18,22,24,26H,3-8,10-11H2,1-2H3/t14-,15-,16-,18+,19-,20-,21-/m0/s1

InChI key

JYGXADMDTFJGBT-VWUMJDOOSA-N

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Packaging

1, 5, 10, 25, 100 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Primary glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex. It has three times the anti-inflammatory potency of corticosterone but much lower Na2+ retention potency.

Features and Benefits

This compound is featured on the Nuclear Receptors (Steroids) page of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.
This compound is also offered as part of Sigma′s Library of Pharmacologically Active Compounds (LOPAC®1280), a biologically annotated collection of high-quality, ready-to-screen compounds. Click here to learn more.

Legal Information

LOPAC is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

hazcat

Repr. 1A - STOT RE 2

storage_class_code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Liselotte van Bloemendaal et al.
Diabetes, 63(12), 4186-4196 (2014-07-30)
Gut-derived hormones, such as GLP-1, have been proposed to relay information to the brain to regulate appetite. GLP-1 receptor agonists, currently used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), improve glycemic control and stimulate satiety, leading to decreases in...
K J Rademaker et al.
Archives of disease in childhood. Fetal and neonatal edition, 93(1), F58-F63 (2007-09-13)
The benefits versus the risks of postnatal administration of steroids in preterm-born infants are still debatable. This review examines the literature on postnatal hydrocortisone treatment for chronic lung disease (CLD) in preterm-born infants with a particular focus on the effects...
Florian Hardeveld et al.
Psychoneuroendocrinology, 50, 62-71 (2014-09-03)
Although HPA-axis activity has been studied extensively in relation to depression, there is no consensus whether HPA-axis parameters predicts major depressive disorder (MDD) recurrence. We investigated whether HPA-axis parameters (cortisol awakening response (CAR), the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) and evening...
Marianne Oksnes et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 99(5), 1665-1674 (2014-02-13)
Conventional glucocorticoid replacement therapy fails to mimic the physiological cortisol rhythm, which may have implications for morbidity and mortality in patients with Addison's disease. The objective of the study was to compare the effects of continuous sc hydrocortisone infusion (CSHI)...
Rachel Yehuda et al.
The American journal of psychiatry, 171(8), 872-880 (2014-05-17)
Differential effects of maternal and paternal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been observed in adult offspring of Holocaust survivors in both glucocorticoid receptor sensitivity and vulnerability to psychiatric disorder. The authors examined the relative influences of maternal and paternal PTSD...

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