Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor human

GM-CSF, recombinant, expressed in HEK 293 cells, HumanKine®, suitable for cell culture

GM-CSF human
MDL number:

Quality Level

biological source



expressed in HEK 293 cells


≥95% (SDS-PAGE)


lyophilized powder


≤5 ng/mL EC50


endotoxin tested

mol wt

dimer 15-36 kDa (glycosylated)


pkg of 5X10 μg
pkg of 10 μg

storage condition

avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles


cell culture | mammalian: suitable


≤1 EU/mg

UniProt accession no.

storage temp.


Gene Information

human ... CSF2(1437)

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General description

Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor is mapped to human chromosome 5q21-q32.


Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor human has been used as a colony-stimulating cytokine in human acute myeloid leukemia cell line (OCI-M2) to test its effect on 5-azacitidin (AZA)-mediated DNA demethylation of upstream regulatory element (URE).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) is an immune modulator and proinflammatory cytokine. It binds to the heteromeric cell-surface receptors present in the immune cells like granulocytes, endothelial cells and macrophages. GM-CSF is implicated in inflammation associated disorder of the lung and renal system.
Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a growth and differentiation factor for cells in the granulocyte, macrophage and eosinophil lineage. GM-CSF stimulates colony formation from pluripotential progenitor cells at extremely low concentrations and is an essential survival and proliferative factor for hematopoietic progenitor cells in all divisions up to maturity. It also stimulates growth in some epithelial cells and osteoclasts. GM-CSF is produced by a variety of cell types (monocytes, endothelial cells, T-cells, fibroblasts, mitogen-stimulated B-cells, and LPS-stimulated macrophages). GM-CSF is secreted as a single chain glycoprotein containing 128 amino acids for human with a conserved disulfide bond. Human and murine GM-CSF share approx. 54% sequence homology and do not cross-react in bioactivity.


Although human and mouse GM-CSF share 54% amino acid sequence homology, their biological actions are species-specific and exhibit no cross-species reactivity.

Physical form

Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of 1x PBS.

Preparation Note

HumanKine GM-CSF is expressed as a 15-36 kDa glycosylated monomer in human HEK 293 cells. Production in human HEK 293 cells offers authentic glycosylation. Glycosylation contributes to stability in cell growth media and other applications. Although human and mouse GM-CSF share 54% amino acid sequence homology, their biological actions are species-specific and exhibit no cross-species reactivity.

Analysis Note

The specific activity was determined by the dose-dependent stimulation of the proliferation of human TF-1 cells (human erythroleukemic indicator cell line).

Legal Information

HumanKine is a registered trademark of Proteintech Group, Inc.


13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Yufang Shi et al.
Cell research, 16(2), 126-133 (2006-02-14)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is an important hematopoietic growth factor and immune modulator. GM-CSF also has profound effects on the functional activities of various circulating leukocytes. It is produced by a variety of cell types including T cells, macrophages, endothelial...
K Huebner et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 230(4731), 1282-1285 (1985-12-13)
Human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a 22,000-dalton glycoprotein that stimulates the growth of myeloid progenitor cells and acts directly on mature neutrophils. A full-length complementary DNA clone encoding human GM-CSF was used as a probe to screen a human...
N Curik et al.
Leukemia, 26(8), 1804-1811 (2012-02-22)
Epigenetic 5-azacitidine (AZA) therapy of high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) represents a promising, albeit not fully understood, approach. Hematopoietic transcription factor PU.1 is dynamically regulated by upstream regulatory element (URE), whose deletion causes downregulation of PU.1...
Julie M Vose et al.
Leukemia & lymphoma, 50(9), 1412-1421 (2009-07-16)
In autologous stem cell transplantation, mobilized peripheral blood has replaced the bone marrow as the preferred source of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Because HSCs normally exist in the blood in very low numbers, the use of agents to "mobilize" HSCs...
Stephanie S Watowich et al.
Immunological reviews, 238(1), 76-92 (2010-10-26)
Understanding the diversification of dendritic cell (DC) lineages is one of the last frontiers in mapping the developmental hierarchy of the hematopoietic system. DCs are a vital link between the innate and adaptive immune responses; thus, elucidating their developmental pathways...
Read article on hematopoietic cytokines and hematopoiesis
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