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Hyaluronic acid sodium salt from bovine vitreous humor

Poly(β-glucuronic acid-[1→3]-β-N-acetylglucosamine-[1→4]), alternating
Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
MDL number:

Quality Level

storage temp.




InChI key


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Hyaluronic acid sodium salt from bovine vitreous humor has been used:
  • as a component for the generation of artificial synovial fluid
  • to investigate its role in inducing oxidative stress and interleukin 8(IL-8) production in human nasal RPMI 2650 cells
  • to test its effect on B cell proliferation
  • as a substrate in neuraminidase assay of morbilliviruses virus


10, 50 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

High molecular mass polymer composed of repeating dimeric units of glucuronic acid and N-acetyl glucosamine which forms the core of complex proteoglycan aggregates found in extracellular matrix.
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is abundantly present in the bovine vitreous humor. It corresponds to a molecular weight of 69293.9Da and has an isoelectric pH of 5.82. Bovine HA has high levels of endotoxins and it polydisperse with DNA and RNA contaminants. The enzyme HA synthases at the plasma membrane (HASs) aids in the synthesis of circulatory HA. HA is implicated in many physiological processes including inflammation, immune regulation, adhesion, embryo development and tumor progression.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Evaluation of Hyaluronan from Different Sources: Streptococcus z ooepidemicus, Rooster Comb, Bovine Vitreous, and Human Umbilical Cord
Shiedlin A, et al.
Biomacromolecules, 5(6), 2122-2127 (2004)
Evaluation of hyaluronic acid in cattle: physiological variations related to age, periparturition and in clinical cases of paratuberculosis
Jolly A, et al.
Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology, 7(4), 342-346 (2016)
Sequence and structure alignment of Paramyxoviridae attachment proteins and discovery of enzymatic activity for a morbillivirus hemagglutinin.
Langedijk JP, et al.
Journal of virology, 71(8), 6155-6167 (1997)
Role of the biomolecular interactions in the structure and tribological properties of synovial fluid
Mirea DA, et al.
Tribology International, 59(4), 302-311 (2013)


Glycosaminoglycans and Proteoglycans

There are five identified glycosaminoglycan chains (see Figure 1): Hyaluronan is not sulfated, but the other glycosaminoglycan chains contain sulfate substituents at various positions of the chain.

Glycosaminoglycan Sulfation and Signaling

Glycosaminoglycans are large linear polysaccharides constructed of repeating disaccharide units.


Enzymatic Assay of Hyaluronidase (

This procedure may be used for Hyaluronidase products.

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