Hemocyanin from Megathura crenulata (keyhole limpet)

PBS solution

Keyhole limpet hemocyanin, KLH
CAS Number:
MDL number:

Quality Level

biological source

Megathura crenulata


PBS solution


3.0-7.0 mg/mL protein (A280)

copper content

0.10-0.30% (based on protein)


ELISA: suitable

storage temp.


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General description

Gastropod hemocyanins are massive glycoproteins (4 to 8 MDa) designed by an intricate arrangement of 10 subunits that are self-assembled into hollow cylinders 35 nm in diameter.
Hemocyanin is a high molecular weight copper containing glycoprotein. It reversibly binds oxygen and forms the extra-cellular respiratory protein of mollusks. Keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) is filtered from the hemolymph of Megathura crenulata, also called the giant keyhole limpet. It is native to the southern California coast and Mexico.


Keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) is a strong and well known immune-stimulant in both experimental animals and humans. It has been used as a hapten carrier protein to enhance antigen-specific T cell priming and is known to stimulate a CD4+ T-cell response.
Hemocyanin was used to study if antipeptide antibodies specifically recognize the l1 protein of the human papilloma virus of type 31. It was also used to study the acid-induced unfolding of didecameric keyhole limpet hemocyanin.

Physical form

Solution in PBS, pH 7.2, containing 1mM CaCl2 and 0.5 mM MgCl2 with 15 mM sodium azide as preservative

Preparation Note

Chromatographically purified.


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Ankita Varshney et al.
Amino acids, 39(3), 899-910 (2010-03-10)
Keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) is widely used as an immune stimulant and hapten carrier derived from a marine mollusc Megathura crenulata. To provide details of the stability and equilibrium of KLH, different intermediate species were investigated with a series of...
S M Andreev et al.
Bioorganicheskaia khimiia, 38(6), 667-675 (2013-04-04)
Antibodies that specifically recognize the capsid protein (L1) of human papillomavirus (HPV) are an important tool necessary for designing vaccines against HPV infection. In this work, we have predicted and synthesized peptide fragments mimicking B cell epitopes of L1 HPV...
Traumatic aneurysm of the internal carotid artery with fracture dislocation at C 5: case report.
H Wada et al.
Neurosurgical review, 12 Suppl 1, 600-601 (1989-01-01)
L R Ferguson et al.
Mutation research, 158(1-2), 89-95 (1985-10-01)
The tannins, delphinidin and procyanidin were isolated from flowers of white clover (Trifolium repens) and the leaves of Arnot Bristly Locust (Robina fertilis) respectively, and tested for mutagenic properties in a range of systems. There was no evidence for either...
Lili Song et al.
Molecular immunology, 117, 160-167 (2019-12-05)
The naturally occurring polysaccharide, β-1,3-glucans, a well-known immunostimulant, has been highly valued for many years for their health-promoting and anti-aging properties, but its mode of action is poorly understood. In this study, we first showed that oral administration of β-1,3-glucans...

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