Hypoxanthine (6-hydroxypurine), a purine derivative is a naturally occurring compound. It is the deaminated form of adenine and a breakdown product of adenosine monophosphate (AMP).
Hypoxanthine is a nutrient additive for a variety of cell culture applications involving bacterial, parasite (Plasmodium falciparum) and animal cells. Hypoxanthine is a component of selection media used in hybridoma technologies.
Hypoxanthine has been used:
- as a supplement in HEPES (4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid) -buffered Roswell park memorial institute (RPMI) to culture Plasmodium falciparum strain IT/FCR3
- in the preparation of Dulbecco′s modified eagle′s medium (DMEM) + MXH for the selection of chimeric modified vaccinia virus ankara (MVA)
- to generate superoxide anions
- to prepare hybridoma selection and maintenance media.
1, 5, 25 g in poly bottle
Hypoxanthine is capable of stimulating cell death. It can also induce reactive oxygen species (ROS). It results in endothelial dysfunction via apoptosis, stimulated by oxidative stress.