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I4011

Sigma-Aldrich

Insulin from bovine pancreas

Hybri-Max, powder, suitable for hybridoma

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Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C254H377N65O75S6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
5733.49
EC Number:
MDL number:

grade

Hybri-Max

form

powder

potency

≥20 USP units per mg (dry basis)

technique(s)

cell culture | hybridoma: suitable

impurities

endotoxin, tested

solubility

acidified water, pH 2.0: 2 mg/mL

cation traces

Zn: ≤1.0% (dry basis)

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

InChI key

IXIBAKNTJSCKJM-BUBXBXGNSA-N

Gene Information

bovine ... INS(280829)
cow ... INS(280829)

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1 of 4

This Item
I5500I1882I6634
potency

≥20 USP units per mg (dry basis)

potency

-

potency

≥20 units/mg (USP units)

potency

≥25 USP units per mg

technique(s)

cell culture | hybridoma: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable, single cell analysis: suitable

solubility

acidified water, pH 2.0: 2 mg/mL

solubility

water: 2 mg/mL, clear, colorless (pH: 2)

solubility

acetic acid: 2 mg/mL (pH: 2-3), hydrochloric acid: 2 mg/mL (pH: 2-3)

solubility

acetic acid: 2 mg/mL (pH: 2-3), hydrochloric acid: 2 mg/mL (pH: 2-3)

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

storage temp.

−20°C

General description

The insulin gene is mapped to human chromosome 11p15.5.

Application

Insulin from bovine pancreas has been used in endometrium cell culture. It has also been used to perform insulin tolerance test and to study the effect of protein undernutrition in laying hens.
Insulin from bovine pancreas was used during experimental design and treatments. Experimental animals (like cow) were infused with bovine insulin to decrease blood glucose to a constant level.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Abnormal insulin secretion or function leads to diabetes mellitus, obesity and other carbohydrate metabolism disorders. The biological effects of insulin are mediated by insulin receptor (glycoprotein) and it integrates major signaling pathways.
Two-chain polypeptide hormone produced by the β-cells of pancreatic islets. Its molecular weight is ~5800 Da. The α and β chains are joined by two interchain disulfide bonds. The α chain contains an intrachain disulfide bond. Insulin regulates the cellular uptake, utilization, and storage of glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids and inhibits the breakdown of glycogen, protein, and fat.

Other Notes

InChI: 1S/C254H377N65O75S6/c1-29-131(24)205(312-192(334)103-256)250(389)317-204(130(22)23)246(385)287-158(74-81-199(344)345)216(355)281-155(70-77-188(260)330)220(359)307-183-116-399-400-117-184-242(381)305-177(110-321)238(377)293-161(87-122(6)7)223(362)294-167(94-139-52-60-145(324)61-53-139)226(365)282-153(68-75-186(258)328)217(356)289-160(86-121(4)5)221(360)284-157(73-80-198(342)343)219(358)301-173(100-189(261)331)233(372)297-169(96-141-56-64-147(326)65-57-141)229(368)308-182(241(380)303-175(253(393)394)102-191(263)333)115-398-396-113-180(212(351)270-106-193(335)277-152(71-78-196(338)339)215(354)280-150(50-41-83-268-254(264)265)210(349)269-107-194(336)278-165(92-137-45-35-31-36-46-137)225(364)296-166(93-138-47-37-32-38-48-138)228(367)298-170(97-142-58-66-148(327)67-59-142)236(375)318-206(135(28)323)251(390)319-84-42-51-185(319)244(383)285-151(49-39-40-82-255)213(352)276-134(27)252(391)392)310-248(387)202(128(18)19)315-234(373)163(89-124(10)11)291-227(366)168(95-140-54-62-146(325)63-55-140)295-222(361)159(85-120(2)3)288-207(346)132(25)274-214(353)156(72-79-197(340)341)286-245(384)201(127(16)17)314-235(374)164(90-125(12)13)292-231(370)172(99-144-105-267-119-273-144)300-237(376)176(109-320)279-195(337)108-271-211(350)179(112-395-397-114-181(309-243(183)382)240(379)275-133(26)208(347)304-178(111-322)239(378)316-203(129(20)21)249(388)311-184)306-224(363)162(88-123(8)9)290-230(369)171(98-143-104-266-118-272-143)299-218(357)154(69-76-187(259)329)283-232(371)174(101-190(262)332)302-247(386)200(126(14)15)313-209(348)149(257)91-136-43-33-30-34-44-136/h30-38,43-48,52-67,104-105,118-135,149-185,200-206,320-327H,29,39-42,49-51,68-103,106-117,255-257H2,1-28H3,(H2,258,328)(H2,259,329)(H2,260,330)(H2,261,331)(H2,262,332)(H2,263,333)(H,266,272)(H,267,273)(H,269,349)(H,270,351)(H,271,350)(H,274,353)(H,275,379)(H,276,352)(H,277,335)(H,278,336)(H,279,337)(H,280,354)(H,281,355)(H,282,365)(H,283,371)(H,284,360)(H,285,383)(H,286,384)(H,287,385)(H,288,346)(H,289,356)(H,290,369)(H,291,366)(H,292,370)(H,293,377)(H,294,362)(H,295,361)(H,296,364)(H,297,372)(H,298,367)(H,299,357)(H,300,376)(H,301,358)(H,302,386)(H,303,380)(H,304,347)(H,305,381)(H,306,363)(H,307,359)(H,308,368)(H,309,382)(H,310,387)(H,311,388)(H,312,334)(H,313,348)(H,314,374)(H,315,373)(H,316,378)(H,317,389)(H,318,375)(H,338,339)(H,340,341)(H,342,343)(H,344,345)(H,391,392)(H,393,394)(H4,264,265,268)/t131-,132-,133-,134-,135+,149-,150-,151-,152-,153-,154-,155-,156-,157-,158-,159-,160-,161-,162-,163-,164-,165-,166-,167-,168-,169-,170-,171-,172-,173-,174-,175-,176-,177-,178-,179-,180-,181-,182-,183-,184-,185-,200-,201-,202-,203-,204-,205-,206-/m0/s1

Legal Information

Hybri-Max is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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M C M B Vernay et al.
Journal of dairy science, 95(5), 2540-2549 (2012-05-01)
The metabolic load during periods of high milk production in dairy cows causes a variety of changes of metabolite blood concentrations including dramatically decreased glucose levels. These changes supposedly impair the immune system. The goal of this study was, therefore
Expression of glucocorticoid receptor alpha and its regulation in the bovine endometrium: Possible role in cyclic prostaglandin F2alpha production
Kuse M, et al.
Journal of Reproduction and Development, 59(4), 346-352 (2013)
Human longevity and 11p15. 5: a study in 1321 centenarians
Lescai F, et al.
European Journal of Human Genetics, 17(11), 1515-1515 (2009)
Expression of VEGF and its receptors in the bovine endometrium throughout the estrous cycle: effects of VEGF on prostaglandin production in endometrial cells
Tasak Y, et al.
Journal of Reproduction and Development, 56(2), 223-229 (2010)
Effects of nutritional programing on growth and metabolism caused by albumen removal in an avian model
Willems E, et al.
The Journal of Endocrinology, 225(2), 89-100 (2015)

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