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(±)-3-Methyl-2-oxovaleric acid sodium salt

(±)-Sodium 3-methyl-2-oxovalerate, Ketoisoleucine sodium salt, DL-α-Keto-β-methylvaleric acid sodium salt, 3-Methyl-2-oxopentanoic acid sodium salt
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Quality Level

storage temp.


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5 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

(±)-3-Methyl-2-oxovaleric acid sodium salt is a mixture of the D- and L-3-methyl-2-oxovaleric acids. 3-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid is used as a substrate to study the specificity, distribution and kinetics of α-keto acid dehydrogenases. α-keto-β-methylvaleric acid is used to inhibit the mitochondrial α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC) to induce and study nerve cell death. α-keto-β-methylvaleric acid may be studied as a reactive oxygen scavenger.


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Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

F Lahnsteiner
Journal of fish biology, 75(4), 816-833 (2010-08-27)
The present study investigated (1) the free amino acid (FAA) composition in semen of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and carp Cyprinus carpio, (2) enzyme systems involved in amino acid metabolism and (3) the effect of amino acids on sperm viability
Cláudia Funchal et al.
Journal of the neurological sciences, 260(1-2), 87-94 (2007-05-15)
Accumulation of the branched-chain alpha-keto acids (BCKA), alpha-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC), alpha-keto-beta-methylvaleric acid (KMV) and alpha-ketoisovaleric acid (KIV) and their respective branched-chain alpha-amino acids (BCAA) occurs in tissues and biological fluids of patients affected by the neurometabolic disorder maple syrup urine
Carmen Martínez-Cuesta et al.
Biotechnology letters, 25(8), 599-602 (2003-07-29)
The bacteriocin, lacticin 3147, increased isoleucine transamination by Lactococcus lactis IFPL359 in a cheese model system. The formation of alpha-keto-beta-methyl-n-valeric acid and 2-hydroxy-3-methyl-valeric acid increased by three times in cheese slurries at 12 degrees C and cheese aroma intensity increased
Hsueh-Meei Huang et al.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1042, 272-278 (2005-06-21)
The alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC) is a mitochondrial enzyme in the TCA cycle. Inhibition of KGDHC activity by alpha-keto-beta-methyl-n-valeric acid (KMV) is associated with neuron death. However, the effect of KMV in microglia is unclear. Therefore, we investigated the effect
Hsueh-Meei Huang et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 74(2), 309-317 (2003-09-30)
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in cell death in many neurodegenerative diseases. Diminished activity of the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC), a key and arguably rate-limiting enzyme of the Krebs cycle, occurs in these disorders and may underlie decreased brain metabolism.

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