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L1887

Sigma-Aldrich

Lipopolysaccharides from Salmonella enterica serotype abortus equi

purified by gel-filtration chromatography

Synonym(s):
LPS
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

Salmonella enterica (Serotype abortus equi)

Quality Level

form

lyophilized powder

purified by

gel-filtration chromatography

impurities

<1% Protein

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

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General description

This product is extracted and purified by gel filtration from Salmonella abortus equi and purified by gel filtration. The source strain is ATCC 9842. Lipopolysaccharide from Salmonella abortus equi stimulates human mononuclear cells to produce tumor necrosis factor. This LPS is also mitogenic for frog and mouse lymphocytes.

Packaging

5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Application

Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. LPS and its lipid A moiety stimulate cells of the innate immune system by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the Toll-like receptor protein family, which recognizes common pathogen-associated molecular-patterns (PAMPs).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are localized in the outer layer of the membrane and are, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface. They contribute to the integrity of the outer membrane, and protect the cell against the action of bile salts and lipophilic antibiotics.

Preparation Note

The product is soluble in water (5 mg/ml) or cell culture medium (1 mg/ml) yielding a hazy, faint yellow solution. A more concentrated, though still hazy, solution (20 mg/ml) has been achieved in aqueous saline after vortexing and warming to 70-80 oC. Lipopolysaccharides are molecules that form micelles in every solvent. Hazy solutions are observed in water and phosphate buffered saline. Organic solvents do not give clearer solutions. Methanol yields a turbid suspension with floaters, while water yields a homogeneously hazy solution.

Sigma typically tests the solubility of FITC dextrans in water at concentrations at or above 25 mg/ml. Solutions should be protected from light. In vivo, FITC-dextran is stable for more than 24 hours.

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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