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L4774

Sigma-Aldrich

Lipopolysaccharides from Salmonella enterica serotype enteritidis

purified by ion-exchange chromatography

Synonym(s):
LPS
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

Salmonella enterica (Serotype enteritidis)

Quality Level

form

lyophilized powder

purified by

ion-exchange chromatography

impurities

<1% Protein
<1% RNA

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

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General description

This product is extracted from Salmonella enteritidis and purified by ion exchange. The source strain is ATCC 13076. Lipopolysaccharide from Salmonella enteritidis is mutagenic in murine spleen cells and causes a plaque-forming response in those cells.

Packaging

10 mg in glass bottle

Application

Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. LPS and its lipid A moiety stimulate cells of the innate immune system by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are localized in the outer layer of the membrane and are, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface. They contribute to the integrity of the outer membrane, and protect the cell against the action of bile salts and lipophilic antibiotics.

Preparation Note

The product is soluble in water (5 mg/ml) or cell culture medium (1 mg/ml) yielding a hazy, faint yellow solution. A more concentrated, though still hazy, solution (20 mg/ml) has been achieved in aqueous saline after vortexing and warming to 70-80 oC. Lipopolysaccharides are molecules that form micelles in every solvent. Hazy solutions are observed in water and phosphate buffered saline. Organic solvents do not give clearer solutions. Methanol yields a turbid suspension with floaters, while water yields a homogeneously hazy solution.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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