Lipases belong to the class of hydrolases. Microbes of plant and animal basis mainly produce lipase enzyme. It can also be produced by marine organisms.
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Lipase from produced by submerged fermentation of a genetically modified Aspergillus niger microorganism and adsorbed on a macroporous resin.
Lipase acrylic resin has been used:
- as a catalyst to carry out the esterification of pLACT with butyric acid
- as an additive in fully hydrogenated canola oil (FHCO) and high oleic sunflower oil (HOSO) blend for enzymatic interesterification
- to study its effect on the degree of oleic acid conversion upon esterification
Immobilized preparation of a thermostable lipase, particularly useful in the synthesis of esters and amides, and has a broad substrate specificity.
Lipases are used in detergent, food, leather, pharmaceutical and dairy industries. It has several characteristics like substrate specificity, stereospecificity and regioselectivity. It also participates in various bioconversion reactions like, hydrolysis, esterification, acidolysis and aminolysis. Candida antarctica lipase B is considered as an important enzyme due to its use in esterification, hydrolysis, aminolysis and transesterification.