L5793

Sigma-Aldrich

Leupeptin

BioUltra, microbial, ≥95% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
Acetyl-Leu-Leu-Arg-al, N-Acetyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-argininal hemisulfate salt, Leupeptin hemisulfate salt
Linear Formula:
C20H38N6O4 · 1/2H2SO4
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
475.59
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

microbial

product line

BioUltra

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

form

powder

solubility

H2O: 50 mg/mL

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

OS(O)(=O)=O.CC(C)C[C@H](NC(C)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C=O.CC(C)C[C@H](NC(C)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C=O

InChI

1S/2C20H38N6O4.H2O4S/c2*1-12(2)9-16(24-14(5)28)19(30)26-17(10-13(3)4)18(29)25-15(11-27)7-6-8-23-20(21)22;1-5(2,3)4/h2*11-13,15-17H,6-10H2,1-5H3,(H,24,28)(H,25,29)(H,26,30)(H4,21,22,23);(H2,1,2,3,4)/t2*15-,16-,17-;/m00./s1

InChI key

CIPMKIHUGVGQTG-VFFZMTJFSA-N

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Packaging

5, 25, 100 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Inhibitor of serine and cysteine proteases. Inhibits plasmin, trypsin, papain, calpain, and cathepsin B. Does not inhibit pepsin, cathepsins A and D, thrombin, or α-chymotrypsin. Effective concentration 10-100 μM. There have been numerous studies using leupeptin to protect against hearing loss caused by acoustic overstimulation or the ototoxic antibiotic gentamicin. (Loss of cochlear hair cells is believed to be mediated by calpain.)

Analysis Note

Leupeptin gives multiple peaks on HPLC due to equilibria among three forms in solution. Purity determined using three main peaks. Majority of contaminating peptide is racemized leupeptin.

storage_class_code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Yawen Li et al.
Cell reports, 30(13), 4518-4527 (2020-04-03)
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Zhiwei Chen et al.
Oncogenesis, 9(5), 49-49 (2020-05-15)
Carbidopa, a peripheral decarboxylase inhibitor used with L-DOPA to treat Parkinson's disease, has attracted significant interest in recent years for its anticancer effect. Increasing evidence reveals that Carbidopa can inhibit cancer cell growth and induce apoptosis through aryl hydrocarbon receptor...
Kelsey Marie Van Dalfsen et al.
Developmental cell, 46(2), 219-235 (2018-07-18)
Cellular stress responses often require transcription-based activation of gene expression to promote cellular adaptation. Whether general mechanisms exist for stress-responsive gene downregulation is less clear. A recently defined mechanism enables both up- and downregulation of protein levels for distinct gene...
Ze Cheng et al.
Molecular cell, 73(1), 36-47 (2018-12-07)
Levels of the ribosome, the conserved molecular machine that mediates translation, are tightly linked to cellular growth rate. In humans, ribosomopathies are diseases associated with cell-type-specific pathologies and reduced ribosomal protein (RP) levels. Because gene expression defects resulting from ribosome...
Matteo Bordi et al.
Autophagy, 12(12), 2467-2483 (2016-11-05)
Defective autophagy contributes to Alzheimer disease (AD) pathogenesis although evidence is conflicting on whether multiple stages are impaired. Here, for the first time, we have comprehensively evaluated the entire autophagic process specifically in CA1 pyramidal neurons of hippocampus from early...

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