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L7018

Sigma-Aldrich

Lipopolysaccharides from Pseudomonas aeruginosa 10

purified by trichloroacetic acid extraction

Synonym(s):
LPS
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

biological source

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (10)

form

lyophilized powder

purified by

trichloroacetic acid extraction

impurities

1-10% Protein (Lowry)

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

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General description

This product is TCA extracted from Pseudomonas aeruginosa serotype 10. The source strain is ATCC 27316.

Packaging

10 mg in poly bottle
100 mg in glass bottle

Application

Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. LPS and its lipid A moiety stimulate cells of the innate immune system by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the Toll-like receptor protein family, which recognizes common pathogen-associated molecular-patterns (PAMPs).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are localized in the outer layer of the membrane and are, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface. They contribute to the integrity of the outer membrane, and protect the cell against the action of bile salts and lipophilic antibiotics.

Preparation Note

The product is soluble in water (5 mg/ml) or cell culture medium (1 mg/ml) yielding a hazy, faint yellow solution. A more concentrated, though still hazy, solution (20 mg/ml) has been achieved in aqueous saline after vortexing and warming to 70-80 oC. Lipopolysaccharides are molecules that form micelles in every solvent. Hazy solutions are observed in water and phosphate buffered saline. Organic solvents do not give clearer solutions. Methanol yields a turbid suspension with floaters, while water yields a homogeneously hazy solution.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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